As Pakistan controlled the escalation ladder and time & space between 26th February and 27th by decisive dominance, Indian reaction was not surprising that instead of conceding and accepting the loss, they started to build a narrative against Pakistan’s, allegedly, use of F-16 aircrafts and officially claimed that an F-16 was downed by WC Abhinandan’s MiG-21. As a proof they showed an AMRAAM piece which was refuted immediately. Later, Foreign Policy Magazine shoot down Indian claim of downing a Pakistani F-16 and DG ISPR hammered the last nail in Indian claims coffin by showing the MiG-21’s all intact missiles.

Keeping aside the way Indian Air Force was used as a tool for BJP’s xenophobic and jingoistic Election propaganda that Modi is the only Messiah who has come to succor Indian nation against the threat of “bleeding India with thousand cuts”, question is, as to why India is so keen to prove that F-16s were used and downed as well? Funny, it seemed that India wanted to go on war with Pakistan at its own terms, dictating Pakistan as to which equipment was supposed to be used against her and which could not. Is the claim of downing a Pakistani F-16 really, just, to salvage the lost pride in front of domestic audience or there is a ‘method in this madness’ to keep Pakistan deprived of technology and advanced defense equipment by crying ‘foul’? I believe in later.

Let’s discuss the historic perspective on India’s harping on same string in front of USA about use of her arms against Pakistan. Indian concerns (read: propaganda) regarding Pakistan receiving American weapons is not a recent phenomenon. This has been an essential part of India’s foreign policy, for decades.

When M.C Chagla was appointed as Indian Ambassador to US in 1958, his one of the major tasks was to convince US government to put an embargo on weapon sale to Pakistan. Reminiscing his duties as ambassador, he writes in his Autobiography, Roses In December,

And I would have to point out the dire consequences of the policy pursued by the United States in entering into a defence pact with Pakistan and supplying arms to her, something that only resulted in neutralizing the effect of the economic aid which the United States was giving us, since the supply of arms to Pakistan compelled us to spend more on our own armaments, in fact to enter into a regular arms race with that country. For although the arms had been supplied by the United States to Pakistan on the clear understanding that these were only intended to be used in the fight against communism, Pakistan had made it clear that if the necessity arose she would not hesitate to use them against India.

At another instance, MC Chagla elaborates the same Indian rhetoric or position on Pakistan’s arms pact with US.

“The usual questions about India and Pakistan were asked, and my answer was that it largely depended upon American policy whether normal relations prevailed between India and Pakistan. “If you will only realize what the real consequences of military aid to Pakistan are, you will start thinking afresh about the question. It is not only I who say this, but some of your most eminent thinkers have said it. Mr. Harriman calls it starting a race of armaments between India and Pakistan.’ Lippmann has been saying the same thing. Therefore it is up to you, and the press here, to realize the importance of reducing tension between India and Pakistan.”

When Mr. Durga Das, a diarist, in his book criticized Mc Chagla that he made speeches against Pakistan in order to gain publicity for himself, Chagla refuted him in his autobiography in these words,

With regard to my speeches about Pakistan, Mr. Durga Das forgets that one of the main objects of my mission in the United States was to explain to the Americans the nature of Indo-Pak relations, and to show the harm that the American Government was causing by a continuous supply of arms to Pakistan.

Later MC Chagla was made Minister of External Affairs in November 1966. He served at this position till September 1967. During this tenure whenever he had to deal with Pakistani affairs, he took up the issue of US arms being sold to Pakistan. While recalling his ‘Pakistan Policy’, in his autobiography, Chagla emphasized on US arms sale to Pakistan, criticized US policies with regards to Pakistan, Chinese Threat and Pakistan potentially falling into Chinese orbit, as below:

Throughout this period there was considerable anxiety, both in Parliament and in public about the decision of the United States to resume arms supplies to Pakistan. It is really difficult to understand U.S. policy with regard to Pakistan. It makes no sense on any rational consideration. The U.S. knew that Pakistan had used American arms against India in the 1965 conflict. It also knew or ought to know that a strong democratic India is essential for peace in this part of the world, and also to help guard against the Chinese threat. She realizes that the arming of Pakistan must result in an arms race between the two countries. And while America was giving considerable economic aid to our country, it was at the same time taking action which cannot but compel us to divert a considerable part of our revenues from nation-building activities to defence purposes. It seems to me that there are two reasons underlying American policy, both of which are untenable. In the first place, America wants to balance India s strength by having a strong Pakistan as a neighbour. But this balancing theory has never worked, and can never work. India with her tremendous resources and enormous potentialities, with a large population and area, must always be stronger than her neighbour. The second reason is to prevent Pakistan edging nearer and nearer the Chinese, and finally falling into China’s orbit. It is difficult to understand how the Chinese embrace of Pakistan could be closer or tighter than it already is, or indeed how the two can be wholly driven apart. Sino-Pakistan relations are governed by geography and the logic of power politics. The enemy of my enemy is my friend. Pakistan wants Chinese friendship as much as she wants American or Russian friendship. She also plays a balancing game of her own. As long as Pakistan insists on regarding India as her enemy, so long would she be compelled to have a special relationship with China. This is common sense.        We made strong representations to the United States on the resumption of arms aid and we also pointed out that the arms supplied by America to her allies, particularly Turkey and Iran, were also being transferred to Pakistan. But our protests were of no avail, and the usual unsatisfactory assurances were given which were not worth the paper on which they were recorded.

Even when Mr. Chagla, visited Iran, he took up the issue of arms being sold to Pakistan. He pens down:

…When I met the Foreign Minister we discussed the question of arms aid to Pakistan. As this became a matter of considerable controversy afterwards…

Humiliated and surprised by the Pakistan’s “Operation Swift Retort”, Modi was trying to regain some face saving when he spoke at the award ceremony for the Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize for Science and Technology in New Delhi and quipped that a “pilot project” was over and “real project” would be conducted now. What exactly was the “pilot project” and which real project is going to be conducted now, would be the subject matter of concerned and ‘subject matter’ experts would definitely be pondering upon, however, one can infer from India’s foreign policy objectives, as per veteran (late) Mr. Chagla, that one of the projects of putting a ban on US arms’ sale to Pakistan has been achieved, already. The project of selling India’s democracy as essential to world’s peace and China as threat seems not to be working, for now, since BRI has become the biggest club of the world’s collective wisdom after UNO and Pakistan is already in Chinese orbit.

Referring to the post 27 February 2019 statements from Indian Airforce regarding Pakistan’s use of F-16 and false claims of even downing the same contain such a stark similarity with the ones referred to as part of duty of Indian Ambassador in 1958. This only shows that it has been one of India’s Foreign Policy’s objectives to raise fingers on arms sale to Pakistan and it has been successful in it since Pakistan is not a ‘preferred’ customer of American weapons, anymore. This might have not been possible without India’s continuous lobbying against Pakistan in Washington.

India’s one of the next goals is to become permanent member of UNSC and has continuously been lobbying for that for decades now. Pakistan’s Foreign Office has an uphill task in front of it.

Brief History – Impact of Indian Foreign Policy on Pak-US Military Relations



پرچہ پولیٹیکل سایئنس

(کل نمبر 80 – وقت 3 گھنٹے)

بہار –2018 (6 جولائی بروز جمعہ)

شعبہ قانون –جامعہ اتفاق، شاہراہ عدلیہ،


1۔ تمام سوالات حل کریں۔

2- سوالات کے نمبر مساوی ہیں

سوال نمبر 1

(الف) اگر ایک حکمران 70 سال میں سے (آخری) تیس سال ایک ملک پر حکومت کرے اور پھر بیان دے کہ “پاکستان کے حالات کی وجہ ستر سالہ کرپشن ہے”۔ اس بیان کے تناظر میں، نا اہل حکمران کی تعریف اور خصوصیات واضح کریں۔

(ب) اگرمندرجہ بالا حکمران کا اپنا چینی، پولٹری اور صنعتی کاروبار ان تیس سالوں میں ترقی کی انتہا کو پہنچ گیا ہو تو کیا یہ نتیجہ اخذ کیا جا سکتا ہے کہ اس کے کاروبار کی ترقی کی وجہ بد عنوانی ہی ہے اور اسی وجہ سے اس نا اہل حکمران نے بد عنوانی کی بیخ کنی نہیں کی؟ بحث کیجیئے۔ (5+5)

سوال نمبر 2

(الف) Liberal Democracy کی تعریف اور انیس سو تہتر کے آیئن کی شق 8 تا 28 کو سامنے رکھتے ہوئے دلائل دیجیے کہ کیا پاکستان ایک Hybrid Regime ہے؟

(ب) پاکستان کو Hybrid Regime کے درجے پر پہنچانے والے ان جمہوری حکمرانوں پر جامع مگر مختصر تجزیہ پیش کیجئے جنہوں نے مہاراجہ رنجیت سنگھ کے بعد پنجاب (60٪ پاکستان) پر سب سے زیادہ حکومت کی۔ (5+5)

سوال نمبر 3

(الف) اگر قوم کے ٹیکس پر پلنے والا ایک وزیر اپنے کرپٹ قائد کے دفاع کے لیئے صبح چار گھنٹے کمرہ عدالت میں موجود ہوتا ہے، پھر تین گھنٹے میڈیا ٹاک کرتا ہے اور شام کو چھے بجے سے بارہ بجے تک ٹی وی چینلز پر اسی مقصد کے لیئے موجود ہوتا ہے توآیئن سٹایئن کے نظریہ اضافت کی روشنی میں یہ سمجھایئے کہ اسکے لیئے وقت کی رفتار سپریم کورٹ میں آہستہ ہو گی، میڈیا ٹاک کے دوران یا ٹی وی پر؟

(ب) نواز شریف کے بیان کہ “لوڈشیڈنگ کی ذمہ دار نگران حکومت ہے” ، شہباز شریف کا بھی اپنے دس سالہ مسلسل دور حکومت کے بعد اپنے آپ کو بارش کے بعد کی صورتحال سے مبرا ٹھہرانا ، اس قسم کی دوسری مثالیں اور “Probability Theory” کو سامنے رکھتے ہوئے واضح کیجیے کہ اس کا کتنا امکان ہے کہ مسلم لیگ ن کے راہنما کبھی اپنی ناکامی کی ذمہ داری اپنی نااہلی پر نہیں لیں گے؟ (5+5)

سوال نمبر 4

(الف)  اگر ایک صوبے پرتین دہایئاں حکومت کرنے والی جماعت، ن لیگ، اس پی ٹی آئی سے جس نے کے پی کے پر 5 سال حکومت کی ہو، سے مقابلہ کرے اور پھر بھی اداروں میں بہتری ثابت نہ کر سکے تو اس صورت میں نااہلی کی ایک تعریف وضع کیجئے۔

(ب) اگر ایک حکمران جس کے پاس سیاست کا تیس سال کا تجربہ ہو، اپنے منشور میں کیے گئے وعدوں میں سے ایک بھی  پورا نہ ہو تو اس صورت میں “نا تجربہ کاری” کی تعریف وضع کیجیے۔ (5+5)

سوال نمبر 5

(الف) اگرنواز شریف، جے آئی ٹی سے لیکر سپریم کورٹ اور سپریم کورٹ سے لیکر احتساب عدالت تک اپنے اثاثوں کی منی ٹریل ثابت نہ کر سکے تو کیا انکے خلاف فیصلہ آنا، ن لیگیوں’ کے بقول “کسی غیر مرئی قوت جو پاکستان کو نقصان پہنچانا چاہتی ہے، کی سازش ہے” درست ہے؟  Straw Man Fallacy کے تناظر میں وضاحت کیجئے۔

(ب) جہاں پر راو انوار کے گھر کو جیل قرار دیا جائے اور نواز شریف عدالت میں کیس بھگتنے عوام کے خرچ پر پروٹوکول میں آئے توHasty Generalization  کے تناظر میں بحث کیجئے کہ ریاست کے لیئے نواز شریف کو جیل میں ڈالنا مشکل ثابت ہو سکتا ہے جب کہ یہ 90 کی دہائی نہیں، یہ سوشل میڈیا کا دور ہے اور عوام بہت باشعور ہو چکے ہیں اور پاکستان غیر محسوس طریقے سے بہت آگے بڑھ چکا ہے۔

(ج) وضاحت کیجیئے کہ عوام کے خرچے پر پروٹوکول لینے والے اور سڑکیں بند کرنے والے حکمران باہر کے ملکوں کی  سڑکوں پر کیوں رلتے ہیں جبکہ اپنے ملکوں میں عوام میں رہنے والے حکمرانوں کو باہر کے ممالک میں پروٹوکول کیوں دیا جاتا ہے؟ نیز حکرانوں کی اس روش کا ملکی خود مختاری پر کیا اثر پڑتا ہے؟ (5+5+5)

سوال نمبر 6

(الف) اگر نواز شریف نے آج تک ضیاء کا ساتھ دینے اور اسکے مشن کو آگے بڑھانے کے وعدے پر معافی نہیں مانگی تو ان کے اس بیان میں کتنی صداقت ہے کہ “تاریخ کا پہیہ موڑنے کی پاداش میں سزا سنائی گئی”؟ Appeal to Pity  کے تناظر میں وضاحت کیجیئے۔

(ب) وہ صحافی حضرات جو نواز شریف کی کرپشن پر کبھی نہیں لکھتے اور  انکے ہر دور کے آمر کے ساتھ ساز باز پر بھی چپ رہتے ہیں لیکن ان پر بنے مقدمے میں سازش کا عنصر ڈھونڈتے ہیں؟ کیا انکا نواز شریف کے لیئے رونا دھونا صرف اس لیئے ہے کہ اس بار انکا پسندیدہ لیڈر کرپشن پر پکڑا گیا ہے؟ “گویبلز” کے قول کے “اتنا جھوٹ بولو کہ وہ سچ لگنے لگے” کی روشنی میں وضاحت کریں.

(ج) ن لیگ کی  ماضی کی سیاست اور حکومتوں کو مدنظر رکھتے ہوئے واضح کیجیے کہ کیا اسٹیبلسمنٹ نے نواز شریف کا ہر دورمیں ساتھ دیا؟ اگر دیا تو’میٹھا میٹھا ہپ ہپ، کڑوا کڑوا تھو تھو’ کے کلیے کے مطابق واضح کیجیے کہ اس دور میں اسٹیبلشمنٹ کے کردار پر انگلی کیوں نہیں اٹھائی گئی؟ (5+5+5)

سوال نمبر 7

(الف) اگر کسی کی ذاتی زندگی میں پارسائی جاننے کا کوئی متفقہ پیمانہ نہ ہو، اس صورت میں کیا 1973 کے آیئن کی شق 62، 63 غیر ضروری ہو جاتی ہیں؟ دلائل دیجیئے۔

(ب) کیا سوال نمبر3 والا فرضی وزیر کبھی یہ تمنا کر سکتا ہے کہ اس کے لیڈر کے بچوں کی جگہ وہ وزارت عظمیٰ کا امیدوار بن جائے۔ چوہدری اور میراثی والی کہانی کے تناظر میں وضاحت کریں۔ (5+5)


سوالات کے حوالہ جات موجود ہیں۔ جس طالبعلم کو بھر بھی دشواری کا سامنا ہو تو وہ ممتحن (راقم) سے رابطہ کر سکتا ہے۔

Ladies and gentlemen! First of all I thank you for the warm welcome. I am really humbled by the red carpet reception.

It was not just an ordinary reception of some foreign official, I had a chance to witness your brand of democracy where Chief Minister takes the responsibilities of Mayor, and the world knows it by the name of Hybrid Regime. Yes sirs! you heard it right. Democracy is much more than elections, forming governments, electoral colleges and building democratic institutions. I am told, ladies and Gentlemen, that your supreme court had to coerce your provincial and federal governments to conduct local body elections as federal and provincial governments were reluctant to give away their authorities, budget and power to local union councils. Where even preliminary canter towards democracy, that is, democracy at town and village level is far cry how can the world expect democracy flourishing to a point where is becomes a way of life, bringing about tolerance, equality before law without any prejudice towards religion, language or even majority, freedom of thought and respect for individual’s liberty to a point where it doesn’t harm the lives of other and where the judiciary is standing behind citizens to safeguard them from the misuse of power from state.

I asked Chief Minister of Punjab about the whereabouts of Mayor of Lahore, first I was given a strange look as if I asked him about some money trail of Hudaibia Paper Mills and later he passed the order to dismiss his secretary who did not brief him about the Lahore Mayor and also he confessed, sarcastically, that he had never paid attention to him because all of his job was being carried out by him. As a proof he asked me to visit any public toilet and I would see his photo on the gate.

It was not only CM, I got to know that few people knew about Lord Mayor of Lahore. I was later told that Mayor of Lahore’s job was very tough. This included arranging some cultural show , gathering manpower from constituencies, WASA, Revenue Department and children from schools to attend the jalsas of his leadership. He would also run election campaign for the party leadership day and night so that they can win. It was also his job to have cordial relationship with police so that their workers could feel safe when they commit agitation against political rivals. Sometimes he was invited as a chief guest in local high school on Iqbal day. When general elections would be near it was his duty to get the select streets cleaned and (just) listen to the grievances of the locals. It was also his job to arrange biryani on the day of elections for his partisans. He was content and always busy. I felt so strange that I was doing petty jobs like overseeing transport, strategic planning, regional development, police department, fire department, housing, waste collection, council tax collection, education, libraries, social services, local planning, consumer protection etc.

My dear councilors, I have understood here is that you are not elected because you are being prepared at grass root level to become future leaders or have some ideology to pursue while in politics. You are an accident which your political leadership had to endure. You are sullen acquiescence to the orders to Supreme Court to conduct local body elections. You are the bitter pill which CM, MPAs and MNAs had to swallow by relinquishing, even a whit, their powers to local bodies. It is sycophancy that drives you in the politics while you don’t have any prerogative.

Ladies and gentlemen, you feel lucky that you are the chosen ones by your leadership despite no other quality than being loyal to them. I speak about international issues, while you speak in defence of your leadership rather some of you can’t even speak. I represent my city, I control police of my city, I control city taxes, I know I can one day become PM of my country but you are kept begging the executive for budget. I aspire to be PM one day, you aspire to meet your CM, I aspire to make my city smart, you aspire to have police escort when you go to the market. I am a living example that a son of bus driver from Pakistani origin can reach the pinnacle of London Mayor ship while your culmination in politics is getting the ticket from any party and it all depends on your leadership to nominate you for any post. I understand that the members of legislative assembly need to focus on legislation only and no member of parliament interferes in the matters of city council while you cannot even demand your own budget.

Dear fellows, Chinese and Turkish companies are there to clean your streets, in police stations your police mistreats, your city is full of encroachments and municipality cheats, your traffic warden beats, no one cares when literacy rate is shameful and gradually curriculum your children study – obsoletes, dispensaries run out of medicine, hospitals run out of doctors and equipment but Beijing underpass completes, bureaucracy just fills in the spreadsheets and that tax payer who is deprived of basic civic facilities, despite paying taxes at European rates, has to arrange tax receipts, multitudes elects scoundrels and repeats then distributes sweets and again repeats, electable sell their loyalty for some provincial and national assembly seats and when CM puts his photo on everything from public washrooms till the gate of Dharam Pura Sunday bazar, it defeats – it defeats the purpose of local bodies and tenor of Article 140-A of your constitution.

I thank you all.

[The above is a work of fiction inspired by true events].

Exploring The Writ-of-State!

Posted: November 30, 2017 in Uncategorized

If anything, I learned while living abroad is writ of state. It’s implementation and its authority. From road discipline till swift justice, no one can just think of deliberately challenging it. While, in Islamic Republic of Pakistan, the writ of state – is a common citizen whose ride is overtaken from wrong side by a heavily guarded vehicle of some influential man and citizen just finds himself helpless and embarrassed.

More people being killed in Pakistan in roadside accidents, for not following the traffic rules, than terrorism, is the bloody farce of writ exercised by the state.

Those people – standing in queues early morning at Islamabad Diplomatic Shuttle Service point, to get thoroughly examined and searched to be allowed to enter the diplomatic enclave, in their own country, the doubtful and presumed perennial security risk are the writ of state.

That writ of state happens to be jailed in some overseas prison without Pakistan’s foreign office’s assistance. It is killed in Turbat by human traffickers, drowns in the red sea and discovered chained in some swampy basements in Turkey, in a bid to flee to EU illegally.

My country’s writ of state often appears in the form of Surrey Palace and 17 Avenfield House, 118 Park Lane, worth millions of dollars. At least 200 Billion USD of writ of state is stashed in Swiss banks by my fellow Pakistanis. Sometimes it is leaked in the form of Panama and Paradise papers.

it is the writ of state, that fails to collect direct taxes from big fish, and taunts the working class as being non-filer at every forum, who always pay taxes on everything from food till shelter, from water till gas and mobile balance, from needle till car and travel on highways, at the rate of EU, and in return get no civic facilities, no proper medical care, no quality education and no security and safety.

Then it takes the form of old couple being beaten brutally by police in Multan for protesting against illegal occupation by the feudal lord of the area.

The poor farmer of Okara who, one fine morning, is shocked, stunned and left speechless to see tanks on his agriculture land – is the writ of state. It is also that farmer who just cannot get the return of his sugarcane sold to sugar mill despite repeated requests and pleas to the mill management.

The Hazaras being shot dead at point blank range and staging the sit-in on road in freezing temperature, with coffins of their loved ones – are writ of state.

That father whose daughter has been forcefully converted in Thar district, going door to door, wandering in the corridors of courts and beseeching the people of faith – is the ugly face of writ of state.

Writ of state is the last desperate scream for help from passersby, in anguish and fear mixed with anger and sorrow that Shama Bibi and Sajjad Maseeh, being burnt alive in the kiln, would have.

Innocent citizens being killed in Mir Ali and Moon Market, Quetta’s judicial complex or in GHQ are the sad and helpless face of writ of state.

It appears to be ailing steel mills of Pakistan and wailing Pakistan International Airline. Sometimes the state writ is found in the form of that PIA aircraft which has been flown illegally to other country, now stranded at some German airport.

Writ of state is 91% shares to our all weather friend, China, and 9% to Pakistan from the profit of Gwadar port, for the next 40% years.

The list goes on but what happened on the fateful day of 27 November was like last nail in the coffin of Statehood, State Institutions, State Jurisprudence and State Executive and that of hope that Sate of Pakistan will establish, like a progressive and liberal and modern states.

Veni, vidi, vici”, I came; I saw; I conquered” is a Latin phrase attributed to Julius Caesar who defeated Pharnaces II of Pontus at the Battle of Zela. The phrase is used to refer to a swift, conclusive victory.

On November 27, this phrase was striking my mind when the news of an accord between Government of Pakistan and Khadim Hussain Rizvi broke on news channels. The deal was sealed and left a lot of questions as to how come an accused in Schedule IV, led a mob all the way from Lahore till Islamabad seamlessly, without any hindrance and reached Islamabad,  demonstrated a sit-in at Faizabad for 22 days and then coerced the state into sullen acquiescence or open hearted agreement  to all of his demands?

Sit-in was called off. The burned-by-mob state vehicles were towed away, CDA janitorial service was activated to clean up the area, DG rangers opened the mouth of public exchequer and doled away one thousand rupees to each of the sit-in participants as a good gesture, after they burnt and destroyed the public property.

Maulana Kahdim Rizvi was perceived as a hero as he had literally came and saw and conquered the state. The Parliament was conquered as the agreement was not presented in the house for debate. The Judiciary was conquered as state agreed in article 1 of the agreement that there is a parallel system of jurisprudence in the country that can issue verdict against anyone in the form of Fatwa. The executive was conquered because the mob had more sophisticated tactics and arms that forced the police to retreat. The media was conquered, first by doing a marathon transmission on this sit-in and then governments illegal action to muzzle mainstream and social media.

I don’t care if their were sponsors of this sit-in, I have no issues if the sit-in was to gain some political mileage, I also don’t mind if the demands of Maulana Khadim Rizvi were genuine, I am, absolutely OK with the way religious coterie put forth their  demands but I do protest in front of the government for undermining the Sate of Islamic Republic of Pakistan and sacrilege of the sanctity of the constitution. Country is there, being run in tribal way but the sad demise of state has happened already.

لایف سٹائل۔۔

Posted: October 24, 2017 in Uncategorized


جب لیگوآنگ، لائن نمبر 13 کے بیجنگ میٹرو سٹیشن “شی آرچی” کے قریب واقع میک ڈونلڈ سے چکن بگ میک لے کر کھاتا اور پیپسی پیتا ہے اور اوریا مقبول جان سودی نظام کے خلاف ایک جذباتی تقریر کرنے کے بعد یہ کہتا ہے کہ “اب وقت ہوا ہے ایک بریک کا اور ہم یہ سلسلہ وہیں سے جوڑیں گے جہان سے ٹوٹا تھا” تو اشتراکیت اور مزہبی معاشی نظام یہ کے علم بردار اور سرمایہ دارانہ نظام کے بدترین مخالف نیو یارک اور کیلیفورنیا میں موجود کسی سرمایہ دار کو اس قابل بنا رہے ہوتے ہیں کہ وہ اپنی ایک اور فیکٹری لگانے کے لیئے کسی بنک سے قرضہ لے سکے۔ جہاں امریکہ کا ٹوٹل قرضہ 20۔4 کھرب ڈالر سے زیادہ ہو اور وہ دنیا کی غربت ختم کرنے پر آمادہ ہو،اور سچ سننے کے لیئے تھوڑا بہت برداشت کا مادہ ہو، 1694 میں بننے والے بنک آف انگلینڈ سے لیکر آئی ایم ایف تک اور ورلڈ بنک سے انٹرنیشنل کورٹ آف سیٹلمنٹ تک کا قرضے دینے کا صرف ایک مقصد اور ارادہ ہو۔ جب 100 ڈالر قرض دے کر 105 ڈالر کا تقاضا ہو جس میں سے 5 ڈالر وہ جو کبھی مارکیٹ میں آئے ہی نہیں۔۔۔تو اس 5 ڈالر کے سود کو ادا کرنے کے لیئے بنکوں میں فریکشنل ریزرو بنکنگ کا ڈیپارٹمنٹ وجود میں آتا ہے کہ بنک کے پیسے نہ بھی ہوں تو بھی سیٹھ وہاں سے قرضے کی بوریاں بھر بھر کے لے جاتا ہے۔ پھر یہ سمجھنے کے لیئے کہ یہ پیسے جو موجود ہی نہیں، کہاں سے  پیدا ہو گئے، اگر میرے جمع کرائے گئے پیسوں سے سیٹھ نے قرض لیا ہے تو میرے پیسے کم کیوں نہیں ہوئے اور سیٹھ نے وہ پیسے واپس کیسے کرنے ہیں، چارٹرڈ اکاونٹینسی اور رسک مینیجمنٹ کا سبجیکٹ ایجاد ہوتا ہے، یونیورسٹیوں میں کامرس پڑھایا جاتا ہے، فنانس کی موٹی موٹی کتابیں لایبریرییوں مین نمودار ہوتی ہیں، اکنامکس میں سپیشلایزیسن کی جاتی ہے، نادہندگی جیسی اصطلاحات وجود میں آتی ہیں،ایکویٹی، کریڈٹ، ڈیبٹ، ایسسٹ اور لایبیلیٹی کی مساوات کے دایئں اور بایئں کو برابر رکھنے کے گر سکھائے جاتے ہیں۔ شارٹ ٹرم ڈیبٹ اور لانگ ٹرم ڈیبٹ جیسی اصطلاحات پر کتابیں لکھی جاتی ہیں، فنانس ڈکشنریوں میں لایبلیٹی کی تعریف وضع کی جاتی ہے، کمپنیوں میں کریڈٹ اور ڈیبٹ ڈیپارٹمنٹ بنایا جاتا ہے، مارکیٹ ویلیو اور بک ویلیو پر تنازعات ہوتے ہیں تو اسکے تصفیے کے لیئے فنانشل کورٹس مہیا کی جاتی ہیں۔ اینٹنیشنل اکاونٹنگ سٹینڈرڈ وضع ہوتے اور سٹیٹ بنک وجود میں آتے ہیں، پرائیویٹ بنک بنتے ہیں جو میرا ہی پیسہ مجھے کبھی کریڈٹ کارڈ اور کبھی سود پر قرضہ دے کر اپنے گلشن کا کاروبار چلاتے ہیں ۔ لیٹر آف کریڈٹ کے بغیر کچھ برامد، درامد نہیں ہوسکتا، آڑھتی پورے پیسے نہین دے سکتا، خادم اعلٰی ٹس سے مس نہں ہوسکتا اور غریب کسان جس کے گھر میں بیٹی کنواری ہے اور کپاس کو امریکن سنڈی کی بیماری ہے؛ سکون سے سو نہیں سکتا۔

پھر جمہورہت کے تحفے ملتے ہیں جس کے آگے آزاد میڈیا اپنی مرضی کا لیڈر چنوانے کے لیئے طواٰئف کی طرح ناچ کر گھنگرو توڑتا ہے۔ میاں منشا سرمایہ کاری کا رخ اپنی طرف موڑتا ہے اور احسن اقبال سی پیک کے بارے میں لمبی لمبی چھوڑتا ہے کہ آج نہیں تو کل، کل نہیں تو پرسوں اس تحفہ نما قرضے سے بننے والی سڑک اس ملک میں وہ سبز انقلاب لائے گی جس کو ہمارے ان داتا پیرو مرشد ضیا الحق نے سرخ انقلاب سے بچایا تھا۔ سی پیک بیچنے کے لیئے وہی وعدے پھر دہرائے جاتے ہیں جو ایم ٹو موٹر وے کے دوران کیئے گئے تھے کہ اس کے بننے سے سینکڑوں صنعتی زون وجود میں آیئں گے۔ اب پنڈی بھٹیاں کا وہ چھوٹا کسان اپنی زرعی زمین کے بیچوں بیچ آئی ایم ایف کو بھاری سود پر رہن رکھی گئی چمکتی دمکتی موٹر وے، اورنج ٹرینوں اور سی پیک سے منسلک زرعی انقلاب کے وعدوں کا اچار ڈالے جب اسکو ایک طرف امریکن سنڈی اور دوسری طرف ٹیکسوں کی بھرمار مار ڈالے۔  زرعی زمینوں پر ہاوزنگ سوسایٹیوں کے نام پر ملک ریاض اور ڈی ایچ اے کے قبضے ہیں اور چین سے تحفے کے نام پر بھاری سود پر قرضے ہیں۔ پھر اسی سود کو واپس کے لیئے ریاست 2017 میں لینڈ ایکویزیشن ایکٹ مجوزہ 1894 کی چھری چلا کر غریب دکانداروں کی زمین ہتھیاتی ہے اور وہ موبایئل کے کریڈٹ سے لیکر پانی اور بجلی تک پہ ٹیکس بھرتا پھر بھی ٹیکس فائل نہ کرنے کے طعنے سنتا، ایل ڈی اے کے دفتروں میں جوتیاں گھساتا پھرتا اور کہتا پھرتا ہے کہ ووٹ شیر دا پر میاں صاحب کیتی بڑی زیادتی اے،!

جاوید چوہدری صاحب! آپ کو اپنی جیب میں موجود کریڈٹ کارڈز کی قسم، یہ لایف سٹائل صرف پاکستانیوں کا نہیں ہے۔ یہ لایف سٹائل قرضوں میں جکڑی، کراہتی اور بلکتی انسانیت سے بے نیاز، سڈنی سے لیکر ٹوکیو، نیروبی سے لیکر بیونس آئیرس، نیو یارک سے لیکر کراچی تک اور اشتراکیت کے علمبردار بیجنگ، شنگھائی اور ماسکو  کی ترقی کا ضامن ہے۔ فری ٹریڈ جیسے معاہدے مجبوری ہے۔ نوید ہو پرسنل لون، کار لون، ہاوس لون، بزنس لون، ایزی پیمنٹ پلان، کریڈٹ کارڈ، اور ڈیبٹ کارڈ بیچنے والوں کو کہ آج یہ سب ضروری ہے۔ ہم پر یہ لایف سٹایل مسلط کر کے ہم پر ہی اسکا الزام لگا دیا گیا ہے کہ ہم اسکو اپنی مرضی سے اپنا رہے ہیں۔ آج تم نے کریڈت کارڈ پر میرا نام کھدایا ہے کل کو میرے ماتھے پر میرا بار کوڈ کھود دو گے تو وہ بھی میں اپنی “مرضی” سے ہی کرواوں گا۔

جہاں ملٹی نیشنل کمپنیاں انسانوں سے زیادہ حقوق ہیں۔ کوئی کینسر سے مرتا ہے تو فایزر کا کیا جاتا ہے؟ پیسے دو دوائی لو۔ سیرالیون سے خونی ہیرے نکلتے ہیں جو ڈی بیرز کے شوروم میں جا کے چمکتے ہیں لیکن سیرالیون قحط اور خانہ جنگی میں لوگ روز جیتے اور روز مرتے ہیں۔ قرضہ، بنیا سود اور سود در سود تو بہت پہلے ہی ایک ادارہ بن چکا تھا لیکن آجکل کا تو یہی لایف سٹایئل ہے۔ مولانا تقی عثمانی کا حلال بنک ہو یا میاں منشا کا حرام بنک، ایک سرکاری ملا ہو یا رشوت خور سرکاری ملازم، پراییویٹ کمپنی کا ان پڑھ مالک ہو یا اس کمپنی کا پڑھا لکھا جی ایم، اس لایف سٹائل کی سرکار میں پہنچے تو سبھی ایک ہوئے۔ ااس دوران ایک فیصد پاقی ننانوے فیصد لوگوں سے زیادہ دولت رکھیں تو مجھے اس سے کیا۔ مجھے تو یہ سوچنا ہے کہ 100 ڈالر کے قرض پر 105 ڈالر کیسے واپس کرنا ہے اس میں 5 دالر وہ جو کبھی مارکیٹ میں آئے ہی نہیں۔

The Big Bang Theory!

Posted: October 22, 2017 in Uncategorized

I Cleared the lenses of my spectacles and as the 3D movie on a circular arena started, slowly, I was away from earth – the tiny speck of sand on the beach, and was wandering in vastness and obscurity of the dark ocean of the cosmos. The space time dimensions were unified and matter was about to explode.

It exploded and there was the beginning of time, there was the expansion of universe, the indefinite number of galaxies running away from each other like we see dots on balloon go farther apart when inflated, the realms of nebulae, the dimensions of space, the creation of pillars of creation, the relativity of time, the solar system, the craters, the emanation of life on this tiny speck of dust in the immensity of hundred billion galaxies containing almost hundred billion starts and ten billion trillion planets. Then there was some feverish spiral motion of neutron star – once sun to some planets and ultimately the formation of black holes – most probable the end of eternity for some.

Though peripatetic towards exit – I was unconsciously on a standstill on an infinitesimal area in the perpetual darkness and emptiness, astonished, stunned and amazed, somewhere between vastness of space and infiniteness of time.  Astounded, I was going to begin the journey of 13 billion years in a helical ramp of almost 93.98 meters, like Alice In The Wonderland, right from the time of Big Bang till today where 1 meter equals 147 Million Years.

I could visualize Hydrogen, Helium and Lithium being produced in the first six minutes of The Big Bang and heavier elements, like oxygen and iron, forming billions years later as a result of the nuclear fusion of the stars. Walking down the lane around 6.80 meters there is the formation of first galaxy after an almost billion year of the Big Bang and later on its congregation into the clusters. Milky Way galaxy is formed after 2.8 Billion years or around 19 meters after the Big Bang Point. Solar System is formed after 9.23 Billion years at about 62 meters. Oldest available rocks on earth are found to be around 9.4 billion years after the Big Bang at 64 Meters. Acasta Gneiss at 67 meters, 9.8 billion years after. Photosynthesis starts at 70.408 meters, after 10.35 Billion years and Oxygenation of the atmosphere at 77.55 meters,11.4 Billion years after.

The formation of Eukaryotes is at 80.27 meters and simple animals appear on the face of the earth at 89.319 meters i.e., 13.13 billion years after the Big Bang. Simple animals start appearing at 89.319 meters – 13.13 billion years after Big Bang. Plants appear at 90.816 meters i.e., 13.35 Billion years, dinosaurs at 92.31 meters, mammals at 92.51 meters and dinosaurs die at 93.43 meters. Apes appear at 93.77 meters.

From Appearance of humans at 93.87 meters – around 200, 000 years ago and domestication of fire till start of agriculture, from Hammurabi’s code till dawn of Budha and Islam, from the invention of wheel till Artificial intelligence, the first writing, the first meaningful spoken word, the Ice, Bronze and Iron Age, the Roman Empire, the Mayan, Indus Valley and ancient Egyptian civilizations, the Qing and Ming Dynasties, the Roman and Persian Empires, the Moguls, Columbus, from the East India company till China Pakistan Economic corridor,  from Sir Syed Ahmed Khan till Jinnah, from Ibn-e-Rushd till Dr. Abdus Salam, the epidemics, the world wars, the space race, the voyagerI and II, Apollo, SUPARCO, diseases from Malaria till Polio, the creation of nation states and passports, allowing women to vote till driving, our patriarchs and feminists, the dictators and  democrats, the statesmen and scoundrels in the guise of honest leaders exist in last few millimeters i.e., between 93.874829 meters and 93.87755102 meters. Everything and everyone that we know of, everything that we root for, our loved ones and the ones we hate, everyone we envy and those who we feel jealous of are confined here. Our thousands of perfect ideologies which just cannot be changed, which we are ready to die for; belong here.

Upon exiting the NY Museum of Natural History, I wished I could create a wormhole that would lead me from Central Park West & 79th St to Mall Road Lahore opposite Anarkali Market, where my universe existed. In the semi dark alleys of Lahore museum, I wanted to rediscover the conceit and inquisitiveness in this ancient palatial building where those two to three hundred years old doors with some holy carvings, handmade paintings, handwritten Holy scriptures, fasting Buddha, the depiction of remains and some discovered artifacts from five thousand years old civilizations of Harrappa, Mohenjodaro and Meher Garh, our professions from barber to carpenter and glass manufacturing by hand, expounding that we are the one hardworking, civilized and culturally and religiously advanced nation. That whole section of weaponry where a rudder of Indian war plane is prominently placed as a war trophy yelling that we are brave of the bravest. Among the dust, the swampy walls and the termite eaten wooden girders, postage tickets, coins and photos of Pakistan movement are hanged in dusty and broken frames portray my nation’s fortitude as how much a nation can endure to get a piece of land to save an ideology because it was supposed to be annihilated as others were merely larger in population. The models of Shaheens and Ghauris constantly inculcate that I am being saved although I am all there to save them.

I wanted to be at Mozzang to eat parathas wrapped in the constitution that guarantees my free movement; unless on roads there is some daughter of ex PM travelling, my free speech; unless I don’t commit the sacrilege of sanctity of  the man-made holy ideology that was meant to serve me instead I start serving it, my security; unless I don’t encounter some suicide bomber in Moon Market or Mir Ali.

That is and was the truth for me. I am nonchalant and indifferent to what if I am worshiping some god of Artificial Intelligence or religiously following the rituals of China’s Communist Party’s religion in next five hundred or thousand years? I don’t care if cultures, languages, dialects, professions, sanctity and sacrileges, sorrows and joy, freedom and slavery, killers and saviors, dictators and democrats, all belonged some last millimeter of some 94 meters long evolution timeline – as a common heritage of the humanity.

Every citizen shall have right to Freedom of Speech and Expression, and there shall be freedom of freedom of press – is a theory. Subject to any reasonable restrictions imposed by law in the interest of the glory of Islam or the integrity, security or defence of Pakistan or any part thereof friendly relations with foreign States, public order, decency or morality, or in relation to contempt of court, [commission of] or incitement to an offence – is a fact.

Every citizen shall have the right to remain in, and, subject to any reasonable restriction imposed by law in the public interest, enter and move freely throughout Pakistan and to reside and settle in any part thereof – is a theory. Citizens are made to wait in long queues on roads so that the roads remains open for son or daughter or even grandson or granddaughter of some politician can travel without any hindrance – is a fact.

Article 11 of Constitution – is a theory. Sharia Court legitimizing feudalism – is a fact.

You will cover almost 500 meters of distance between Ravi Auto Store, 10 Band Road, and Pillar Number 126 of Orange Line Metro in 5 minutes, maximum, despite usual traffic – is a theory. Encountering huge traffic jam at Chowk Yateem Khana and the next U-turn, if you are lucky to survive a hit or two by QingQi, you will reach your destination in almost half an hour – is a fact.

The rule by National Highway and Motorway Police that heavy traffic must move on the left most lane – is a theory. The busses, coaches and trailers moving at right most lane – is a fact.

On Pakistan Highways right of way – is a theory. No one adheres to the right of way while Motorway police officers sip a cup of tea from nearby truck restaurant – is a fact.

Motorway police is the most professional police – is a theory. Daily, on average, fifteen people being killed in road accidents – is a fact.

People don’t abide by the laws and lack civic sense – is a theory. Same people abide by laws and have civic sense, without any additional lesson, abroad – is a fact.

The tall claim of Ishaq Dar to revive the economy – is a theory. Pakistan’s foreign exchange reserves are less than even Bangladesh and we have to rely on IMF program to keep minimum Foreign Exchange Reserves, while exports are at all time low – is a fact.

International Cricket comes home because Pakistan has become safe – is a theory. There is five layer security around stadium and presidential security to international players – is a fact.

The constitutional promise of welfare state – is a theory. Malik Riaz – is a fact.

There are functional institutions for accountability – is a theory. Accused people openly stating they won’t appear in accountability courts and institutions act dumb – is a fact.

Pakistan is a agriculture based economy – is a theory. Mushrooming housing societies on agriculture land, without any restriction – is a fact.

Pakistan’s industry is booming in current era – is a theory. In Metro Cash and Carry most of the items from electronics till couture and even food items are imported – is a fact.

PMLN has reduced the terrorist attacks in country – is a theory. Only Lahore was hit with 4 major terrorist attacks till July 26 (not to mention FATA and western border areas situation) – is a fact.

CPEC is initiated by PMLN – is a theory. CPEC’s inception in Musharraf era which included Makran Coastal Highway and Gawadar – is a fact.

CPEC will benefit the local industry – is a theory. Raw material will be imported from Pakistan and vlaue addition will be in China – is a fact.

There has been development in Punjab more than other provinces – is a theory. We think that Punjab is more developed because of more resources and marginal development of Lahore roads  – is a fact.

Current leadership’s announcement regarding new hospitals in Pakistan and upgrading the health infrastructure – is a theory. The last hospital built in Lahore was Jinnah Hospital in 1996 – is fact.

China is all weather friend of Pakistan and CPEC is a gift to Pakistan – is a theory. China is giving us commercial loans including risk markup over and above the highest commercial mark-up – is a fact.

Our industry’s exports will be increased by CPEC – is a theory. Pakistani nation, with its tax money and loans, is building road for Chinese exports – is a fact.

Other automobile manufacturers’ are interested in setting up assembly plants in Pakistan – is a theory. Toyota, Suzuki and Honda who are here for last fifty odd years, haven’t still transferred the technology to Pakistan – is a fact.

Pakistan has locomotive factory in Rislapur – is a theory. Pakistan imports locomotives – is a fact.

Interruption of democracy in Pakistan is main reason of Pakistan’s backwardness – is a theory. All of the politicians serving key public offices in all so-called autocratic era – is a fact.

Democracy in Pakistan – is a theory. Hybrid regime in Pakistan – is a fact.

A functional parliament and senate – is a theory. At least four times the parliament session was adjourned, in September, due to lack of quorum – is a fact.

We are the 6th largest nation and nuclear power – is a theory. Our passport’s lowest ranking – is a fact.

(Sadly) Mr. Jinnah’s 11 August Speech – is a theory. (Happily) Quaid-e-Azam’s Two Nations Theory – is a fact.

Hindu Marriage Bill passed by Sindh Assembly – is a theory. Mian Mithu – is a fact.

Nobel Peace Prize – is a theory. Aung San Suu Kyi – is a fact.

Maududi’s concept of state – is a theory. United Nations – is a fact.

Ansar Abbasi – is a theory. Nadeem F Paracha – is a fact.

Orya Maqbool Jan – is a theory. Saadat Hassan Manto – is a fact.

Ata ul Haq Qasmi – is a theory. Ayaz Amir – is a fact.

to be continued…