Archive for the ‘Politics’ Category

آج پاکستان کے سب سے بڑے مسائل میں سیکیورٹی کی صورتحال، دفاعی بجٹ میں اضافہ اور بیرون ملک قرضے ہیں۔ تاریخ پر ایک نظر ہمیں بتاتی ہے کہ پاکستان ان مسائل میں ابھی سے نہیں گھرا۔ یہ چند مسائل پاکستان بننے کے ساتھ ہی وجود میں آگئے تھے۔جب پاکستان بنا تو روز مرہ کے کام چلانے کے لیئے قائد اعظم نے بزات خود حیدر آباد کی ریاست سے دس لاکھ روپے کا قرضہ لیا اور ساتھ ہی ساتھ اپنے لیئے امریکہ سے گاڑی اور ایک ذاتی جہاز کا ارڈر بھی دیا۔پاکستان کے پہلے بجٹ میں دفاع کے لیئے ایک خطیر رقم جو کہ 8۔27 ملین پاونڈ کے قریب تھی، مختص کی گئی جب کہ ٹوٹل بجٹ تقریبا 4۔39 ملین پاونڈ کے قریب تھا۔ جہاں تک سیکیورٹی کا تعلق ہے تو یہ مسائل تو شروع سے ہی پاکستان کے ساتھ تھے۔قائد اعظم کی ذاتی فوج قرار دیے جانے والی لیگ نیشنل آرمی کی بات ہونا، قرارداد پاکستان کے موقع پر مسلم لیگ کے عسکری ونگ کے اہلکاروں کا ننگی تلواروں کے ساتھ سٹیج پر موجود ہونا یا کراچی میں قائد اعظم اور ماونٹ بیٹن کو عوام کے درمیان جاتے ہوئے جان کا خطرہ محسوس ہونا، خاکسار تحریک اور لیگی کارکنوں کے درمیان خونی لڑایئاں یعنی مسلمان کا مسلمان کے خلاف بندوق اٹھانا، اور قائداؑعظم پر قاتلانہ حملے یہی بتاتے ہیں کہ سیکیورٹی کے مسائل پاکستان کے ساتھ ہی پیدا ہو گئے تھے۔ شائد یہ باقی ملکوں کے ساتھ بھی ہو مگر مسئلہ یہ ہے کہ باقی ممالک کے لیڈران نے ان پر قابو پالیا۔۔ ہم ابھی تک انہی مسائل میں الجھے ہوئے ہیں۔ ایک اور پات یہ کہ یہ بات بڑے تواتر کے ساتھ کی جاتی ہے کہ باقی ملکوں میں چائے بیچنے والے تک وزیر اعظم بن گئے اور پاکستان میں یہ نہ ہو سکا۔۔۔ تاریخ بہت ظالم ہے۔۔ یہ تاریخ ہمیں بتاتی ہے کہ پاکستان بنانے والے سبہ لوگ سرمایہ دار اور لینڈ لارڈ ٹائپ لوگ تھے۔۔ 1937 میں ہی کانگریس نے جاگیر داری نظام لپیٹنے کا آغاز کر دیا تھا جب کہ آج سات دہایئاں گذرنے کے نعد بھی پاکستان جاگیر داری نظام سے چھٹکارا حاصل نہیں کر سکا۔۔ آج اگر بھارت میں ایک چائے بیچنے والے کا بیٹا وزیراؑعظم بنا ہے تو یہ راتوں رات نہیں ہوا ۔۔۔ پاکستان ابھی اس مرحلے سے کم از کم سو سال دور لگتا ہے۔۔ ہمارا ایک یہ بھی مسئلہ ہے کہ سارے ملک کی پولیس سیاسی ہو چکی ہے۔ ہم ماڈل ٹاوں کے سانحے کو روتے ہیں تو میں سن سنتالیس میں خضر حیات ٹوانہ صاحب کے پولیس کو حکم کہ ‘لیگی کارکنوں پر چڑھ دوڑو’ کو کس دیوار پر ماروں۔۔ یہ تو صرف ایک ایسی مثال ہے۔۔ ہم اس بات کا ذکر کرتے بھی نہیں تھکتے کہ ہمارے سیاسی قائدین ناپختہ ہیں اور ہڑتالوں اور ملک اور شہر بند کرنے کی دھمکیاں دیتے رہتے ہیں تو میں مسلم لیگ کے ‘راست اقدام’ جس میں ہزاروں لوگوں کی جان گئی کو کس قالین کے نیچے دبا دوں۔۔ آج ہم روتے ہیں کہ فوج سیاسی قیادت کی بات نہیں سنتی۔۔ جب قائداعظم نے 1948 میں پہلے جنرل کو کشمیر کا دفاع کرنے کا حکم دیا تو اس نے انکار کر دیا۔۔ اس بات کا بھی ہمیں بڑا دکھ ہے کہ قبائل نے ہتھیار اپنے ہاتھ میں لے لیئے ہیں اور ریاست کے خلاف کھڑے ہو گئے ہیں تو یہ کام تو قائد اعظم کے زمانے میں ہی شروع ہو گیا تھا جب فوج کی گاڑیوں میں قبائل کو بھر بھر کے کشمیر کی جنگ میں جھونکا گیا۔۔ کہاں تک سنو گے خہاں تک سنایئں کے مصداق آج پاکستان کے ہر مسئلے کا سرا سو سال پہلے والے حالات سے اتنی ہی مماثلت رکھتا ہے جیسا کہ یہ اسی دور میں وقوع پزیر ہو رہے ہوں اور یہ ہمارے سماجی رویوں سے لیکر سیاسی پختگی تک ویسے کے ویسے ہیں۔ کہنے کا مقصد یہ ہے آج ہم جن مسائل میں گھرے ہوئے ہیں وہ پاکستان کی گھٹی میں پڑے ہوئےہیں۔ ہم اور ہماری سیاسی سوچ آج بھی وہیں پر ہے جہاں پر آج سے سو سال پہلے تھی بلکہ اس سے بھی بدتر۔۔ وہی کرپشن کی داستانیں، وہی لوٹ مار، وہی فوج کے ساتھ تعلقات، اسی طرح کے بلکہ اس سے بد تر سیکیورٹی کے مسائل۔۔۔ الا ہٰذالقیاس۔۔
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What does 21st Amendment Mean

Maulana Fazl-ur-Rehman is right in his apprehensions that the 21st Amendment to the constitution of Pakistan is basically passed by nascent secular Pakistan. The basic reason he is reproaching this amendment is because the world ‘religion’ is clubbed with terrorism. He also said that government wants to sabotage denominational schools or madrassahs under this amendment. He vowed that Pakistan won’t be allowed to be a secular country at any cost (but how he didn’t explain).

Since Maulana Sahab is also  graduate from madrassah, it was expected from him. He must know that time doesn’t travel backwards and will not ever. He must overcome his misoneism and accept the reality that Pakistan has been changed, as late as, post 16/12. The world aside, the state and civil society of Pakistan itself, doesn’t care if he thinks that terrorists don’t follow real religion and that terrorists have no religion etc because they themselves introduce them as holy warriors and use religion to justify their atrocities. No one also cares how execrable Maulana Sahab feel about this but the truth is that Pakistan was predicated on the secular principles only, i.e., democracy and plebiscite and that is her real fate. The hypocrisy of Maulana Sahab is evident when he is found showing his intransigence by bickering over secularism but simultaneously takes part in democratic processes of elections and reaps fruits of this outcome in the form of ministries and related perks. Till now I didn’t come across his address regarding any alternative form of government neither read his, book aside, a mere article in the papers as to what kind of system he wants. He is  always just found using religious sentiments of common man to use for his political gain. Sometimes by issuing fatwas that voting for his opponent is unlawful or his ballot symbol, the book, shouldn’t be open so that he can exploit the common man’s sentiments as the picture of closed book would be semblance of some holy one.

If Maulana Sahab was thinking that some coterie would keep on goading the religious sentiments, installing fear in the name of religion terrorize the masses, again, using religion and world would remain mute, and he would enjoy the perks of democracy and secularism while having entente cordiale with fanatics, he was doing it wrong. The fact is that in order to remain in this global village and to contribute positively therein, it is not acceptable. No matter how entrenched one’s beliefs are, in today’s world one is compelled to follow the human rights, religious freedom , security and other such secular democratic norms.  Pakistan is not an exception here. This was bound to happen that state defines categorically that in Pakistan terrorism emanates from wrong understanding of religion. Even though this development of separating state and religion is in its inchoate form, has stirred the fear out of Maulana Sahab that Pakistan is going to be secular.  Can somebody dare ask him, if he can be indifferent to the secularism spread all around him? Can he abandon democracy? Can he stop using currency notes? Can he imagine living without banks, luxury cars and all those scientific inventions which we take for granted? Can he stop requesting a secular country America to make him Prime Minister of Pakistan? If not then he should know that end of the day he will have to bite the bullet and accept the reality that Pakistan would become a secular country. His wishes, his protests and his antediluvian intransigent ideologies don’t matter in changing Pakistan.

Maulana Sahab is very eager that under this amendment, government is planning to raid madrassahs under the name of reforms and regularization. The fact is that, it is the need of the hour and high time that such instructions are regularized. I will just give one example as to how madrassahs or denominational schools need reforms as many of such institutions violate basic human rights.  When a kid’s future is decided by his parents at the age of five and he is admitted to a denominational school with a hope that he will one become ‘alim’, this is a human right violation since that kid is not being given chance to choose his future by himself. The reform needed would be like in normal school a student has the right to choose between humanities and science after 8th grade and further after 10th grade he chooses to become either doctor or engineer etc, similarly this should be the stage when student should choose a ‘religious studies’ group and after studying ‘pre-religious studies’, he should be allowed to join any madrassha. Pakistan anyways don’t need a lot of Alims, since we already have most Alims per capita in the world and still have chaos. We need only those alims who are by choice. Less Alims but better ones who know what are the requirements of the modern world how religion should cope with it.

The juncture which Pakistan is now standing at, is decisive. If Pakistan won’t change itself then the states who ‘call the shots’ would coerce Pakistan into it. Maulana Sahab’s fears are right. Pakistan is changing. This convulsion against religious extremism in Pakistan is now a reality and can’t be stopped. Quaid-e-Azam’s 11th August speech is inextricable from the very tenor of nascent Pakistan’s constitution.  Soon those who are on the other side of this epoch making event, due to their injudicious approach of not looking at the obvious, shall be forgotten by history and only those who become part of it, shall be remembered.

مسٰلہ صرف اور صرف نظریے کا ہے! اس نظریے کی پے در پے ناکامیوں کے باوجود ہم اسکو سینے سے لگا کر رکھنے تلے ہوۓ ہیں ۔۔ ہمیں آج یہ بات سمجھنے میں دہایئاں لگ گیٰں  (اور شائد ابھی تک سمجھ نہیں آیٰ ) کہ وہ نظریہ جس نے تحریک خلافت چلایٰ اور ناکامی کا منہ دیکھا، جس نے ہندوستان میں سب کچھ چھوڑ چھاڑ کے غریب مسلمانوں کو  افغانستان ہجرت پر مجبور کیا، نیجتاٰ کابل سے پشاور تک کی سڑکیں ان سادہ لوح مسلمانوں کا قبرستان بن گیئں جو ایک دارلحرب سے نکل کر دارلامان کی تلاش میں گیئے تھے اور جو سب کچھ لٹ لٹا کے واپس آ سکے وہ ساری زندگی کے لیئے دوسروں کے دست نگر بن کے رہنے پر مجبور ہو گیے، جس نظریے نے ہزاروں بنگالیوں کو پشاور لا سید احمد اور سید اسماعیل کی قیادت میں سکھ حکومت کے خلاف  اور  کر جہاد کروایا گیا اور نتیجہ ہزاروں سادہ لوح مسلمانوں کی شہادت کی صورت میں نکلا بجائے اس کے کہ وہاں مسلمانوں کی حکومت قائم ہوتی رنجیت سنگھ کی حکومت اور مستحکم ھو گییٰ۔۔ جس نظریے نے سر سید احمد کو کافر قرار دلوایا کہ وہ ساینس اور انگریزی تعلیم پر مسلمانوں کو اکساتے تھے۔۔ جس نطریے نے علامہ اقبال جیسے شاعر سے بھی عورتوں کی تعلیم کی مخالفت کروایئ ۔۔ جس نظریے نے قرارداد مقاصد منظور کروایٰ اور بنگلہ دیش کے علیحدہ ہونے کی بنیاد رکھی۔۔ جس نظریے نے ہزاروں سادہ لوح پاکستانیوں کو کمیونزم اور سرمایہ دارانہ نظام کی جنگ کا جہاد کے نام پر ایندھن بنا دیا۔۔ جس نظریے نے تزویراتی سرمایہ یا سٹریٹجک ایسٹ پیدا کیے اور جن کو ہم دوسرے ممالک میں سٹریٹجک گہرایٰ کے لیئے استعمال کرتے رہے، اس نطریے نے ہمیں بارود، خون، چیخوں اور آنسوؤں کے علاوہ کچھ نہیں دیا۔۔  اس نظریے نے پاکستان کو  دنیا کےکٹہرے میں کھڑا کر دیا ہے، پھر بھی ابھی تک لگتا یہی ہے کہ یہ نظریہ قایم رہ جایے گا۔۔ ملک رہے نہ رہے۔۔ ہمیں اپنے بچوں سے زیادہ، ملک کی ساکھ سے زیادہ اور اپنے مستقبل سے زیادہ اس نظریے سے پیار ہے۔۔ ابھی کچھ دن پہلے ہی جناب مشیر خارجہ کا بیان سامنے آیا کہ ‘ہم ان طالبان کو نشانہ کیوں بنایئں جو ہمیں کچھ نہیں کہتے’۔۔ اور بقول ہیلری کلنٹن ‘آپ اپنے گھر میں یہ سمجھ کے سانپ نہیں پال سکتے کہ وہ صرف آپ کے پڑوسیوں کو کاٹیں گے’۔۔

Faisalabad – December 8, 2014. PTI had announced to exercise its democratic right of protest by giving a “shutter down”. Punjab administration had started to manage things proactively and additional measures to keep law and order in place were being taken. For example; water cannons were brought from Sindh. I reckon that Punjab police had its CID or other sensitive department’s personnel deployed as well. I also fancy that some intelligence agencies under home department, or otherwise, would have their officials deployed, acting surreptitiously to capture anyone who tries to sabotage the law and (or) report the exact situation to Head Quarters.

Regardless of my optimistic imagination regarding Punjab Police’s safety and security measures there is something evident that numerous policemen were deployed in Faisalabad on That day.  The pictures and footages which aired on electronic media and published on print media, show serried rows of police in the background of persons with guns in their hands with clear intentions.  The faces of those coward ruffians are as clear as day light, holding pistols and sticks, courtesy presence of media at the spot.

Now after the fateful incident of Faisalabad, where one partisan of PTI was killed, my question is; why is it so hard for our police to capture the culprit and bring him to justice which is prerogative of citizens of Pakistan under the law and constitution. First failure was when police didn’t intervene during the affray between PMLN and PTI workers. It seems those people with weapons in their hands killing PTI worker were under auspices of police because it failed to stop the firing which resulted in the death of an innocent civilian. Now second failure is the dilatory strategy of police in capturing the culprits and producing them in front of court.

Police just cannot absolve itself in this fiasco to keep law and order and just rely on the efficacy of NADRA to advise the whereabouts of persons involved in crime? Is our Punjab police that incompetent that it cannot identify the persons involved in crime when officials were present at the spot? I am layman but even I can tell, if police has the will, it can resolve the murder case of Haq Nawaz only from information by cops present at the crime scene and reports from intelligence agencies as I hope that, their job is not limited to only advise the number of people present at a certain Jalsa, to media. One can, rightly, argue regarding possibility of political pressure on administration. Even, if someone is pressurizing the law enforcement agencies, then whose job is to rebuke? Or Punjab police has found an easy way out to get itself subjugated by despotism of law makers? If so, then on which wall should I throw the law, constitution, hope and ethical values? Is Jinnah’s advise to bureaucrats with tenor to keep themselves aloof from politics was only meant to be promulgated in official papers, written in bold in text books and then make fun of it by acting like personal servants of some political party ? If so then, no wonder,  this pandemonium in Pakistan will continue for next century also. Where constitution is flouted and law enforcement become a party, even the last ray of hope turns bleak.

A few days ago, an American school teacher was killed in Abu Dhabi in a shopping mall. The assassin was identified as a ‘burqa’ clad individual. Police didn’t even know the gender of the killer at that moment but the mystery was solved and culprit was captured within 48 hours of the incident. This only achievement of Abu Dhabi police is enough to put Punjab Police’s name in hall of shame when I compare it with the Faisalabad incident where the police was present and media showed the face of alleged killer as well, yet he was able to flee the crime scene and still remains at large.

There are only two scenarios. Either Punjab police is incompetent or is a party to crime. There is no excuse in presence of hundreds of cops and media to not to capture the culprit. I don’t blame any political party because this is what the politics of subcontinent is. Need of the hour is stand against tyranny and not to become part of it.

PTI claims that PMLN worker(s) killed its partisan, Haq Nawaz. I refute. He was not killed by any party’s worker but he is killed and his family members are being and shall be psychologically killed by politicized police of Punjab in a display of contemptible cowardice and incompetence.

fsd

 

 

injusticeThe more you read the history of Muslims of India and their political struggle; you realize that Muslims of subcontinent, I would talk specifically about Pakistan, are still at the same stage where Muslims of India had started their political journey for the betterment of a minority called Mohammendens in British India.

 

Here is an excerpt from the Presidential Address of Syed Ali Imam to the All India Muslim League’s second session held in Amritsar on 30-31 Dec 1908. In the section I would quote, Syed Ali Imam goes on to expound as to how Muslims League’s agenda is different from that of Congress and why lots of Mulsims had remained aloof from joining this party, but I would stop only to that section where League’s leader enumerates the major problems faced by then society as whole and especially Muslims.

 

Let’s read it and see where we stand today as those problems are still existing in Pakistan and Muslims have not gotten rid of this one tithe.

 

“The separation of judiciary from the executive, the repeal of degrading Colonial Ordinances, the extension of primary education, the adoption of measures of sanitation, the admission of Indians of all races in large numbers into the higher branches of the public service, discontinuance of official interference in matters of local self-government, reasonable reduction of military expenditure without endangering efficiency, recognition of the legitimate and patriotic desire of the warlike races of India to render military service as volunteers, the grant of commissions in army to Indians, equitable adjustment of Home Charges, limitation of revenue on land belonging to the State, establishment and development of village unions for the disposal of petty civil and criminal cases, encouragement and protection of indigenous arts and industries, the eradication of insolence, on one hand, and feeling of inferiority and mortification on the other, between the rulers and the ruled, are some of many grave questions of practical politics in India that equally effect all classes of our countrymen. …”

 

It is really disappointing that the problems we faced a hundred years back are still there even after we won an independent state of our own.

 

The tunnel vision of our current and previous leadership has utterly failed to overcome a single problem as cited above by a Muslim Leagues leader a hundred years back.

 

  1. Still judiciary is not separated from the executive and has worked and still working under the behest of civil and military dictators and rulers. The only thing our judicial has produced is red tape culture and doctrine of necessity. Dictators have been legalized and politically motivated verdicts have been given. Fingers are being raised on the legitimacy of the current judicial system of Pakistan in the wake of rigging in recent election of May 2013 and judiciary’s involvement therein.
  2. The hollow leadership has not been able to install proper self-government and they are still running away from it. For the past, almost one decade now (from 2008) Pakistan is without any proper self-government system.
  3. Primary education could not be extended in the past six decades the way it was supposed to and it has made Pakistan one of those countries with highest number of kids of school going age away from primary education.
  4. Minorities cannot even think of joining the higher posts in civil and military institutions.
  5. Military expenditure in Pakistan is sky high and still the country is most vulnerable of any terrorist attack at any bazar, market, public place and high sensitive areas.
  6. Land reforms in Pakistan seem a far cry now and issue from which India got rid just after independence.
  7. Village unions and reforms to resolve the petty criminal cases at local level is still not in place. It is a habit of Pakistan’s current and previous leadership to nominate the SHO of their own choice in the village whose duty is merely to protect the interests of the local MNAs and MPAs.
  8. Protection of indigenous arts and crafts is still a dream and remains of that are also being destroyed. Yes, for the photo session of the hollow leadership they do organize the fake festivals at the ruins of great ancient civilization of Mohenjo-Daro, sing songs, dance, eat and then vanish leaving behind the crying, moribund and hand-to-mouth poor artists. All this stage show is done by the public’s exchequer for the glory of personal who want-to-be leaders of this dilapidated society whose majority lives under huge stress to make both ends meet, living under 2 dollars a day.
  9. The public still faces insolation and mortification on daily basis just to quench the thirst of the ego and power of politicians who come to power just by rigging. This happens sometime by closing the public roads, sometimes we see this happening when people are made to stand in long queues to get rashan. Sometimes this happens when a tribal man is deprived of its basic rights under the name of FCR, even after British left the subcontinent. Sometimes when a deserving candidate cannot get the post because of nepotism.

 

List goes on but it is evident like a sun in the sunny day that our whole leadership in the past and present has been failed miserably to provide to this country, even basic needs for which a common man is crying for the last century. On the roads, it is not traffic but chaos. In the offices the corruption is breaking all time high records. Who was supposed to even teach the public how to behave, who was supposed to provide the citizens a civic sense? This was the job of political leadership but instead of making this country a better place of living, it has been made Gahanna, people are going more and more into privation and society is moribund. We, our leadership, our politicians and bureaucracy has flouted the tenor of those resolutions and charters on which the existence of Pakistan was predicated.

 

All so called elections and reforms we have seen have only made Pakistan desolated and dilapidated.

 

We are for sure living in an era of 1908 insofar as the problems faced by a common man are concerned.

 

 

 

 

Every state makes such laws in order to protect its citizens, property and sovereignty as to convict those who attempt to sabotage the peace in the country. But these laws are always made keeping in view the human rights and personal freedom. But when we look at the Protection of Pakistan Ordinance, it seems to violate those human rights, democracy and constitution. The security forces can kill anybody under the doubt of him being terrorist and fanatic alien war monger!
People of Pakistan already have enough experience of administrative directives and ordinances which have enacted the rule of Military fright instead of rule of law for over quarter of a century. People of the country especially the ones from Balochistan have already enough experience of rotting in the solitary confinements at undisclosed locations, in-camera inquiries highly classified evidences and unpublished reports.
When police or security agencies would be allowed to keep any person on the mere doubt in their custody for up to ninety days and if the security officers kill someone just because they thought one as criminal, PPO shall be there to cover this outlawry. Who can guarantee that the law shall not be (mis)used to settle personal vendetta? Why is it necessary for forces to keep a person in custody for up to ninety days without any charge? Doesn’t this show the incompetence of our law enforcement agencies that they are unable to carry out the preliminary investigation in twenty four hours’ time prior to producing the accused in front of magistrate? Instead of enhancing the capabilities of our security forces, taking preemptive security measures and deploying latest technology to curb the fanatics, our government have found an easy way out to promulgate such a tyrannical law that shall just deprive more mothers of their ‘missing’ sons and probably more mass graveyards.
It is also a matter of concern the way PMLN government has get it passed from NA without paying heed to the amendments proposed by the opposition. Such autocratic measures leave no second opinion on the fact that Pakistan is being drifted farther away from the civilian rule and more unrest because government doesn’t seem to agree to get the validity of this law tested in National Assembly both in form and in substance. Now if apex court (most probably) takes notice on the conflicting clauses of this ordinance with constitution and human rights, we will see government crying foul that such notices by court are an attempt to undermine the parliament. Why it is so hard to do the right thing at first place?
Moreover, such laws are only passed when an alien government wants to suppress the native people by implanting fear of security agencies so that their mouths are muzzled such as to curb freedom of speech and press. Fetters and gags are planted by this kind of laws on the people who are considered slaves. But Pakistan is free country and if even after freedom we need such ‘black laws’ in order to maintain integrity, peace and law & order, I fear we are heading towards another Jalianwala Bagh incident after British passed Rowlatt Act.

Mursalan Haider
12-April-2014
Beijing, Haidian China

There a pandemonium in Pakistan over non-existence (or existence) of Mr. Jinnah’s speech, in the print media. The group who is denying the existence of utterance of such words as to allow minorities the full freedom, choosing English as an official language and which expounded the nationalism, has its ulterior motives and a particular ideology, viz., Quaid e Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah was a chosen person by Devine Authorities and was a votary and he never wanted any political system other than the divine one.

Below is the exact news as it appeared in the Daily Times (England) on 12th August 1947 insofar Mr. Jinnah’s speech of first constituent assembly is concerned. I will put the statements regarding rights of the minorities, political system and official language in bold.  Readers can draw the inference from the below self explanatory piece from History.

THE PAKISTAN ASSEMBLY

MR. JINNAE ELECTED PRESIDENT

CALL FOR TOLERANCE

From Our Special Correspondent

KARACHI, AUG. 11

An interesting precedent in British constitutional history was set this morning when Mr. Jinnah, President of the Muslim League and Governor-General designate of the Dominion of Pakistan, was also elected President of the Pakistan Constituent Assembly. His election is yet another indication of his unchallenged supremacy in Indian Muslim politics, and was referred to by his proposer, Mr. Liaquat Ali Khan, who said that the creation of the State of Pakistan was mainly if not wholly due to him. In his opening speech, Mr. Jinnah, talking quietly and unemotionally like a lawyer arguing a case, declared that the two functions of the Assembly were to frame the Constitution and to act as a temporary federal legislature. “Not only we ourselves,” he said,” but the whole world is wondering how this unprecedented cyclonic revolution which has established two new Dominions in the sub-continent of India has been carried through peacefully and without violence.”

LAW AND ORDER

The first duty of the Government, he added, was to maintain law and order so that life, property, and religious beliefs were fully protected by the State. He then proceeded to inveigh against bribery and corruption, nepotism and jobbery and black marketing. With regard to the division of India he said that there were many people in Pakistan and India who did not agree with it, but he himself was convinced that it was the only solution to India’s constitutional problem. “any other solution would have led us to disaster.” Appealing for tolerance and unity, Mr. Jinnah said that the biggest hindrances to India’s advance had been religious and racial divisions. But for these India would have been free long ago. People living in Pakistan, he said, would have complete religious freedom but they must remember ” first, second, and last that they are citizens of this State with equal rights and equal obligations.” He then referred to the differences which formerly existed in England between Protestants and Roman Catholics, and said that Pakistan must try to achieve the same goal as England, where religious and political spheres are kept separate”. “We must try to keep that as our ideal” .

PAKISTAN FLAG

Mr. Liaquat Ali Khan then proposed the adoption, as the Pakistan flag, of a dark green flag with a white vertical bar at the mast, the green portion bearing a white crescent in the centre and a five-pointed white heraldic star. Representatives of the Hindu minorities asked that more time should be devoted to the choosing of the flag, and that the minorities should be more closely associated with it. They were, however, overruled, and the proposal was carried. To a Hindu member who pointed out that the green portion was the same as the Muslim League flag, Mr. Liaquat Ali Khan retorted that the new Indian flag was substantially the same as the Congress flag, and that the white portion of the Pakistan flag, one fourth of the total area, symbolized Pakistan’s minorities, roughly one-fourth of the total population. The somewhat aggressive behavior of these Hindus suggested that they are going to be by no means docile members of the Assembly. One of them wanted to speak in Hindustani, but was politely told by Mr. Jinnah that the language of the Assembly was English, unless a member could not express himself in English- when the vernacular was permitted. The member then put his question in excellent English. Congratulatory messages were read from the American and Australian Governments. One of the pleasant features of the Pakistan Constituent Assembly is that the chamber, tastefully paneled in Indian woods, is small, the number of members is limited (69), and the proceedings take place in an informal and almost intimate atmosphere. The smallness of the chamber discourages oratory, and the only fiery address delivered so far came from Begum Shah Nawaz, one of the two women members.

11 August 1947

11 August 1947

11 Aug 3 11 Aug 4 11 August 1