Posts Tagged ‘India’

Since ICJ’s decision about Yadav’s case dated 18 May 2017, so much is being written, said and presented on the media. Merits and demerits of this case and objections by opposition are being raised, tables in the TV studios and assembly are being thumped and, mostly, it is being portrayed that Pakistan is (again) going to lose at international forum.

Let us see how ICJ works and what options Pakistan has now.

ICJ’s Modus Operandi

Simply put, when a common citizen hears the word “court” with reference to the implementation of law, there are three main scenarios that appear in mind, viz.,

  • Defence and prosecution lawyers arguing in front of a learned judge, who is appointed based on the qualification and experience. Judge is not supposed to take sides or in other words act as a counsel of one party or other. He listens to the arguments from both sides and issues an impartial verdict, based on the law and constitution of the state.
  • It is understood that every citizen of the state has submitted to the compulsory jurisdiction of the court. A person cannot just leave the courtroom stating that he does not accept the jurisdiction of the magistrate or judge or the court itself.
  • The verdict is binding and whole state machinery stands behind it to enforce its implementation. The very concept of law is diluted if it is not implemented.

Insofar as International Court of Justice (ICJ) is concerned, none of the above stated three conditions is fulfilled.

Briefly, examining, the ICJ on above there bullet points, we see that;

  • The criteria for the judges to be appointed in the ICJ is not only experience, qualification etc. The judges are elected for a period of nine (09) year through voting in General Assembly and Security Council. In order to have their ‘man’ appointed at ICJ, states carry out extensive lobbying in the UN, taking it as a matter of prestige. The very idea of a judge being impartial, unprejudiced and detached, hence, comes under question. That is why an elected judge is considered an abhorrence in civilized jurisprudence.

As the term of a judge nears, he may seek re-election and again, states start lobbying for votes. It must be kept in mind that there is no free lunch nor a free ride.

  • Since states are universally considered sovereign, this leads to the idea of ICJ’s jurisdiction being voluntary and not compulsory. Every state or country makes a declaration to the court, specifying the matters on which it will accept the jurisdiction of the court. This further makes the role of ICJ limited.
  • Although ICJ may pass judgements and give decisions favoring one country or other, there is no such mechanism for ICJ to get its orders implemented. The only option is Security Council and that only if it is moved by any state against other (deemed defying the court orders). Here, again, comes the diplomacy, favoritism and power play. Powerful states lobby in order to get the veto vote in their favor.

From the above points, one can easily draw an inference about the ineffectiveness of the court. ICJ (formed under the charter of United Nations) acts as more of a diplomatic body than a court which only can hear the cases as presented by states and not individuals.

There is also a provision in the ICJ rules that if there is a dispute before the court concerning some state and it does not have his representative as a judge in the bench, it may appoint an ad hoc judge. The ad hoc judge sits with the permanent judges, enjoys same authorities, and perks as those of permanent judges. The basic reason to appoint an ad hoc judge is to have country’s representation in order to place his country’s point of view in front of other judges. In other words, the ad hoc (like permanent ones) judge assumes the duty of the advocate for the country. Which again goes against the very norms of a judicial system.

May be all-of-the-above points contradict the very idea of an impartial justice system, but at international level only this one is prevailing under the aegis of UNO until we do not find a better system.

As we establish a question mark on the credibility, impartiality and authority of the ICJ, let us briefly examine the laws under which ICJ operates. Since there is no international law, which is supreme and sovereign, i.e. acceptable to all of the countries, there exist multilateral and bilateral treaties, international laws and customs, which are supposed to be binding. In fact, when it suits any country bilateral treaties can be scrapped and considered mere piece of paper.

Pakistan’s Options

Let us now examine the case where India has moved ICJ regarding his national, Kalbhushan Yadav, captured by Pakistan and sentenced to death for spying, subversive and state sponsored terrorist activities.

So far, India has; argued on the basis of Optional Protocol to the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations, 1963 (VCCR), Article 36, disregarding the 2008 bilateral agreement and sough the needed relief from the ICJ albeit Pakistan challenged the jurisdiction of the court and simultaneously argued that case to be dismissed because there was no urgency.

To much of Pakistan’s dismay, the court ordered to ‘stay’ the execution till the hearing at ICJ reached its conclusion, scrapping Pakistan’s arguments and favoring India. The judgement implies that Pakistan has flouted the Vienna Convention Agreement.

The court’s observation can be summarized in simple terms that Pakistan argument that VCCR is not applicable to spies, terrorists etc. since in Vienna Convention Spy is not mentioned at all. Pakistan can also not argue on the double passports of the Kalbhushan Yadav, one of which contains the Muslim name since as the accused confessed in the statement that he was from India, his nationality is established that very moment and irrespective of the name on passport, he is entitled to consular access as per the VCCR. It also goes without saying that court has determined that it has jurisdiction in this case, under Article 36 and 1 of the VCCR. Pakistan can also not move UN to ratify the 2008 bilateral agreement, unilaterally.

Pakistan has requested the court for expedited hearing of the case. Considering, how ICJ works, its (non)impartiality, lobbying by the states, diplomatic relations and international pressure Pakistan may not succeed in getting a favorable judgement.

Pakistan would neither like to present all of the evidences against commander Yadav of his subversive activities in the court, nor seem to grant consular access to the “self-confessed spy and terrorist”. It therefore can be forestalled that Pakistan would raise objection on the very jurisdiction of the court, as it seems to be only option.

Once Pakistan admits the jurisdiction, it is highly unlikely that Pakistan would be able to refuse the court’s orders as India can then move Security Council and considering our current diplomatic debacles, we cannot rely on efficacy of china’s veto vote as well.

Everything is being said and written on the media about jurisdiction but very less on the Pakistan’s Declarations Recognizing the Jurisdiction of the Court as Compulsory dated 29 March 2017 in which Pakistan declared 9 such matters where ICJ’s jurisdiction doesn’t apply. Article ‘e’ specifically excludes the jurisdiction of ICJ where the subject is related it Pakistan’s national security. Pakistan may (must) contest this point in the future. I wonder as to why the article ‘e’ was not invoked in first hearing.

I am sure that Pakistan’s best diplomatic minds and authority on international relations and laws must be evaluating the options or would already have framed the Pakistan’s point of view in this regard, which may be opposite to my assertion. However, currently, to me it seems that if Pakistan goes on to accept the jurisdiction of the ICJ and tries to contest the case on its merit, it will be a lengthy, cumbersome and tiring process (from 1947 till 2017 ICJ has given judgement on 160 cases i.e., 2.28 cases per year) and Pakistan would definitely wouldn’t want that.

In my opinion, if Pakistan wants to take this case to a logical end as per its domestic laws, its focus must be on the jurisdiction of the court and invoking Article ‘e’ of the Declarations Recognizing the Jurisdiction of the Court as Compulsory dated 29 March 2017.

(Reference taken from ‘Roses in December’ by ‘MC Chagla’)

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30 September 2015. By Staff Reporter:

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United Nations: Nawaz Sharif during his speech in the United Nations General Assembly has vowed for a permanent seat at UNSC. Pakistan has already gained the overwhelming support from member countries already through her continuous and intense diplomatic efforts. The supporting countries included existing five permanent members.
Prime Ministers’ Speech to the assembly involved around the efforts of Pakistan to bring about the peace in the world, contribution towards achieving Human Rights goals, boosting economy, elevation of poverty and assistance paid to the neighboring countries from financial aspect. He made a solid ground regarding his plea for permanent seat. He accentuated the below major points in this regard;
“It is obvious today to the world as to why Pakistan deserves the permanent seat in UN Security Council. The world enjoys peace because of efforts of the Pakistan for bridging the gap between different civilizations, sects and religions. The once down trodden and dilapidated Afghanistan now enjoys peace is because of Pakistan who has helped Afghan people and military curb terrorism”, he proudly said.
Emphasizing on the economy and science and technology, insofar as Pakistan is concerned, he told the world, “The people of Pakistan have the largest per capita income in the world. In last five years the most research papers were published from Pakistan. In the field of space, robotics, medicine, medical sciences, agriculture sciences Pakistan has been extending the helping hand not only to its neighbors but to whole Africa and south America. Pakistan has been ranked as one of the top ranked country in export of doctors and technical staff. Pakistan has been launching the satellites for education purpose and for improving communication in the age of information not only for Pakistan but for other countries as well and has achieved numerous goals including harvesting the energy from space. There is still a lot to be done and achieve, however”.

Prime Minister also emphasized on the importance of the peace in the world. He impressed upon the world to take necessary measures as necessary to bring about peace in their countries. He said that the charity of the peace must begin at home. “Pakistan cities are amongst the top peaceful cities in the world” he mentioned providing reference to a latest survey in this regard. He also mentioned how Pakistan was striving to achieve the human rights goals. “We are striving to achieve gender equality, though Pakistan is inherently a tribal culture and patriarchal society we have achieved a lot in this regard. In Pakistan there is no minority based on ethnicity, language, race, creed or religion. In front of state all citizens are equal and Pakistani. This is what our founding father, Quaid e Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah taught us during is 11th August 1947’s speech”.

Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif was given loud applause and the assembly went on to cheer for Pakistan for long when Prime Minister alluded to the succor provided to poor countries. “We have helped and are helping various countries set up their police systems, military, schools and colleges. Pakistan based multinational companies are doing the business from gold and copper mining and oil exploration and refining to building roads in almost all countries of the world. Some of those companies have the highest number of the employees. The Pakistan Fund for Education is renowned globally and is providing free education to the needy around the globe. The Pakistan Health Foundation is just a phone call away from anyone, since it has its presence around the globe”.

PM took this opportunity to stress on the climate change and preserving natural environment. “Today Pakistan maintains almost 25% of the forest in the country and such laws have been enacted which prevent not only cutting of the trees but also using the forest land for construction or housing purpose. Pakistan has one of the strictest environment policy”.

Nawaz Shraif iterated the fact as to how State of Pakistan resolved the Kashmir issue without indulging into any fight with India, who provoked many a times for a war, by just diplomacy and talks.

When concluding the speech he asked general assembly that it was the high time that Pakistan shall be given a permanent seat in security council in order to play a bigger role in the world politics and stabilizing the global peace.
It should be noted that Nawaz Sharif remained the focal point of the global media and his speech was broadcasted live on leading news channels with special discussion session on his speech. Nawaz Sharif’s such demand is being lauded all over the world and Pakistan is likely to become the permanent member of the UNSC in near future.

 

Note: This is a satire. I wish the above was true.

Now a days there is a lot of hue and cry is going on about China-Pakistan Economic Corridor and its future prospects termed as Game Changer in the world and making Pakistan an Asian Tiger. We are used to the term Asian Tiger now whenever, Nawaz Sharif, happens to be in power raises this slogan. Let’s leave it on the history and historians if Pakistan became and Asian Tiger or not in all those years of PMLN regime and focus on as to what does this “game changer” means.

Let’s discuss some key points which may be considered as Game Changer in the region:

  1. Changing the Fate of Kashmir?

The Economic Corridor will start from Chinese province Xingiang and enter Gilgit Baltistan. Here India comes into the scenario. India declares this territory of Gilgit Baltistan as hers and claims that it is Pakistan Occupied Kashmir which must be liberated and made part of (Indian Occupied) Jammu and Kashmir. Owing to this, new Delhi has taken an exception to this project and reportedly Indian Prime Minister termed this project as “un-acceptable” during his meeting with Chinese President.

Here, I see a silver lining in the dark clouds. As it is being reported that the project of economic corridor is of a strategic importance for China, we may see China playing its role in bringing both the countries to the negotiating table to find an amicable solution or dismemberment of this territory. Since, without resolving this issue the dream of CPEC may not be fulfilled in its true spirit. We will have to wait and see what kind of “game changing” solution is in the pipeline in this regard.

  1. Pakistan-Afghan Relations

Here is another game changing scenario which CPEC may yield for the betterment of Pak-Afghan war trodden people. Pakistan may be now looking towards better relation with Afghanistan shunning its policy of ‘strategic depth’. Similarly Afghanistan may have understood that having good relations with neighbor are more important than neighbor of the neighbor. Since the economic corridor is mainly meant to transport goods from China via the shortest route and import oil from (e.g.,) gulf in a similar manner the safety of this rout is of utmost importance to her. Pakistan has already announced the deployment of a dedicated army unit for the safety of economic corridor but it is not possible without eradicating the so called ‘safe heavens’ for terrorists on both sides of the Durand Line so as to ensure safety of the transport link as it passes through KPK and Northern Areas. In this scenario China will play a vital role in bringing about peace in the region and fighting the common enemy of terrorism also when China is investing in Afghanistan as well and the proposed corridor is likely to be utilized for Afghanistan Transit Trade as well.

  1. Progress in Local Manufacturing Sector

Due to load shedding and law and order situation (being main reasons) Pakistan’s Local Manufacturing Industry has been either on a spree of either shutting down or shifting to other countries like Bangladesh. Now there is a hope that our local industry may flourish since Government has announced the provision of Industrial Parks along the economic corridor. One may hope that Pakistan is not made the dumping ground of cheap Chinese products and focus is given on the local production to make most of the corridor to transport the material for export etc. If this happens it will be game changer for Pakistan in a positive manner otherwise. It will also prove to be a game changer for Pakistan if the local industry dies due to Chinese products ‘invasion’ in a negative manner. In this scenario, Pakistan will only act as a ‘post office’ or ‘Cargo’ company it is fate will be consumer market only!

  1. Are we being prepared for another adventure?

When the trumpeters of the Economic Corridor in Pakistan term this project as a game changer, one who is aware of the history of the territories comprising today’s Pakistan, gets scared. It has been around 30 years that Pakistan is in the state of the war. The generation born in early 80s have not seen this country in peace, ever. First we were fighting against communism in the name of Jihad and created thieves to counter thieves. One may be scared that in the war of communism and capitalism, now it might be the turn of communism to use the cheap labor of this region to fight against capitalism! If it happens it will be the game changer in a theocratic society of Pakistan. State has already kept mute regarding persecution of Uygur Muslims by China and so are our religious parties.

The above is just a small activity to find out as to what is meant by ‘Game Changer’. Is there something concrete behind this slogan or it is just a hollow slogan, like we have been listening to since decades. Nevertheless, this project is epoch making and whole nation hopes that it augurs well. What country needs now is not a political leader but a statesman who could foresee at-least 100 years ahead from now and takes decisions as such.

 

Mursalan Haider

-Abu Dhabi

(03-06-15)

Twitter: @mursalan

WordPress: mursalan.wordspress.com

 

The sort coins of Quaid-e-Azam

A few days ago I happened to come across a column by Dr. Safdar Mehmood in which he had tried to impress upon the common people of Pakistan about the excellence of Quaid-e-Azam’s companions during the Pakistan movement. In this very column he tried his very best to reject the statement which is often referred to  as saying of Quaid-e-Azam that he had some counterfeit coins in his pocket and all he did in third fourth of his column was some frothy eloquence and verbose. Only in the last paragraph he referred to some book and gave his opinion while I was expecting him to state some statement of Quad-e-Azam in favor of his companions (mainly, Liaquat Ali Khan) but he didn’t.

I have no argument about this statement of coins was uttered by Jinnah or not. But there are some statements recorded by the historians which expound the deteriorating nature of relationship between Liaquat Ali Khan and Quaid-e-Azam, especially in the last days.

This was the time when Bengal was suffering from severe famine and there was a tension between Congress and Muslim league regarding formation of Government in the center.  Jinnah and Gandhi both were aging, younger leaders of Muslim League and Congress, Liaquat Ali Khan and Bhulabhai Desai respectively, met and allegedly agreed on a ‘formula’ for “Interim Government at center”. According to this formula Muslim League and Congress were supposed to gain 40% share each in the cabinet, whereby 20% was the share of Sikhs and Untouchables while keeping Viceroy and his Commander-in-Chief as British. Stanely Wolpert writes, “but it remained unclear whether or not Liaquat ever actually discussed this matter with Jinnah”. In January 1945, Jinnah in an interview with Associated Press notified, “There is absolutely no foundation for connecting name with talks which may have taken place between Nawabzada Liaquat Ali Khan and Bhulabhai Desai”.

Here one is coerced into pondering as to why Jinnah would refute, Liaquat Ali Khan’s claim or as to why Nawabzada would indulge himself into talks with a Congress leader without taking Jinnah into confidence.

After the birth of Pakistan, Jinnah wanted to see his infant nation progressing but was not happy with his Prime Minister’s Performance that during lunch with CM Sindh MA Khurhu, he pronouced Liaquat Ali Khan as “mediocre”.   Upon hearing that Mr. Jinnah had been criticizing Liaquat Ali Khan, through her wife, Liaquat Ali Khan tried to tender resignation in February 1948.

Also when Liaquat Ali Khan visited Quad-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah in Ziarat, he asked Fatima Jinnah if she knew as to why Liaquat Ali Khan visited him? “he wants to know how serious my illness is and how long will I last”.

Jinnah had similar trust issues and expressed his disgust for witliaquath his other companion, Nawab of Madot, the then CM of Punjab. Jinnah asked Mian Mumtaz Daultana to take control of Punjab Ministry but Daultana refused. Jinnah was very angry on this.

(Reference: Jinnah of Pakistan by Stanley Wolpert)

All over the world, the governments make sure that its citizens are given proper respect and their integrity, freedom and self respect is honored in the country and specially in abroad. Recent history has witnessed quite a lot of such events as countries went to any length in order to protect the honor of their citizens.

In case of Pakistan the Ganges flows in reverse direction. Pakistanis in their own country are mortified, humiliated and insulted by its own government sometimes in the name of  blocking of the roads and keeping the commuters waiting in long queues on roads so that the men in power (who have no other qualification to be in power, other than they have plundered money) and all the times, keeping them stranded on roads leading to cantonment, ordering them to turn the headlights off, coercing them to put the vehicle in first gear and drive at almost zero speed so that a cop has no difficulty looking at citizens of ‘free’ Pakistan with a suspicious eye, entering the land of despotism of military.

I won’t discuss how foreigners in Pakistan roam free, carry illegal weapons and even kill citizens of ‘free’ Pakistan and then leave the country without any charges and that government and military who control each and every movement of the its own citizens seems helpless when it comes to prosecution of foreigners. A foreigner may open a restaurant and bar Pakistanis to enter it. It happens only in Pakistan.

In rest of the ‘free’ world, the citizens are allowed to go to any embassy of any country to apply for visas etc but in Pakistan the common citizens of ‘free’ Pakistan have to follow the below steps to earn insolence from foreigners which starts the moment when a person leaves his home for diplomatic enclave in Islamabad.

  1. You are welcomed with a lot of illegal and ‘legal’ barriers on roads in Islamabad. Police check points are spotted everywhere and traffic is put in a zigzag way at almost zero speed. Police looks at you with a suspicion.
  2. You learn that in ‘free’ Pakistan you are not allowed to enter the diplomatic zone on your own car or on cab unlike rest of the world.
  3. The cab or Toyota hiAce drops you at a point called Diplomatic Shuttle Service (DSS).
  4. At the main entrance of the DSS a policeman asks you about your purpose of coming there as if the ‘suspect’ would respond by saying that he came here to eat pizza. You are then asked to show your ID which you show and then you are allowed to enter that area. (start counting how many times you have to prove your identity).
  5. Now if you have documents (passports, bank statements etc) you are not allowed to take them inside in a bag. The security guard standing at the second entrance beside the scanning arc (like at airports) directs you to another counter where you have to deposit your bag, take documents out, take a receipt of bag deposit and only then you are allowed to pass through a scanner where you again tell the security guard the purpose of visit, while being hand searched.
  6. It is the time to stand in a queue to take the ticket of shuttle service. The person at the counter is not at all polite. You will be asked to prove your identity, pay Rs200/- for shuttle service fare .
  7. You are not done yet, now you are directed to another counter to deposit your mobile phones. Turn your mobile phone off, stand in long queue again and, deposit your mobile phone and take the deposit receipt.
  8. It is the time to enter the waiting lounge. Another scanning arc welcomes you. You once again prove your identity, hand searched by a security guard, tell him that you are not carrying any mobile phone with you and only then you are allowed to enter the waiting lounge.
  9. After the shuttle get ready, you have to stand in queue and get ready to ride the bus.
  10. As soon as the bus enters the diplomatic enclave, you witness the heavy guarded gates with blade wires wrapped all over the walls of the area. The bus stops near the barrier and a person with handy-cam in his hands enters the bus and makes the video of every passenger while another security guard seeks each person’s identity again.
  11. Barriers opens and the shuttle bus enters the enclave and passengers are started to be dropped at respective embassies.

What happens to the citizens of ‘free’ Pakistan inside the embassies is another story as to how they have to make queue outside the embassy or consulate and again they have to prove their identity and how the visa officers insult them.

But where the state is not able to provide the proper and due self-respect to its own citizens and it design such measures as to suspect each one of them the expectation from foreign missions to offer courtesy to them is a far cry.

This country seems to be being gradually designed for ruling class only and not for common man.

On the second annual convention of All India Muslim League at Amritsar on 30-31 Dec 1908, Syed Ali Imam demanded from the British rulers, the eradication of insolence and feeling of inferiority and mortification between the rulers and the ruled but hundred years on, and people of ‘free’ Pakistan are still searching for honor. White rulers left the country and it was substituted by black rulers who still consider this country as some colony and its citizens as subjects of the ruling class. The laws which were designed to rule the slaves are still implemented.

The counter argument to above is that, Pakistan is in a state of war and there is terrorism threat and that is why such measures are taken. Agree with that, but question arises if such derogatory measures of putting fetters and gags on its own citizens to limit their movement, which is their prerogative,  has changed anything? Just last week there was an attack on naval installations and recent bomb blasts in the Islamabad courts and fruit and vegetable market, speak volumes of the effectiveness of such colonial measures, flouting the tenor of the human rights and doing flagrant violation of the constitution. The only way out is to adopt long-term, sustainable measures using technology but this won’t make our current rulers and bureaucracy feel rulers.

 

injusticeThe more you read the history of Muslims of India and their political struggle; you realize that Muslims of subcontinent, I would talk specifically about Pakistan, are still at the same stage where Muslims of India had started their political journey for the betterment of a minority called Mohammendens in British India.

 

Here is an excerpt from the Presidential Address of Syed Ali Imam to the All India Muslim League’s second session held in Amritsar on 30-31 Dec 1908. In the section I would quote, Syed Ali Imam goes on to expound as to how Muslims League’s agenda is different from that of Congress and why lots of Mulsims had remained aloof from joining this party, but I would stop only to that section where League’s leader enumerates the major problems faced by then society as whole and especially Muslims.

 

Let’s read it and see where we stand today as those problems are still existing in Pakistan and Muslims have not gotten rid of this one tithe.

 

“The separation of judiciary from the executive, the repeal of degrading Colonial Ordinances, the extension of primary education, the adoption of measures of sanitation, the admission of Indians of all races in large numbers into the higher branches of the public service, discontinuance of official interference in matters of local self-government, reasonable reduction of military expenditure without endangering efficiency, recognition of the legitimate and patriotic desire of the warlike races of India to render military service as volunteers, the grant of commissions in army to Indians, equitable adjustment of Home Charges, limitation of revenue on land belonging to the State, establishment and development of village unions for the disposal of petty civil and criminal cases, encouragement and protection of indigenous arts and industries, the eradication of insolence, on one hand, and feeling of inferiority and mortification on the other, between the rulers and the ruled, are some of many grave questions of practical politics in India that equally effect all classes of our countrymen. …”

 

It is really disappointing that the problems we faced a hundred years back are still there even after we won an independent state of our own.

 

The tunnel vision of our current and previous leadership has utterly failed to overcome a single problem as cited above by a Muslim Leagues leader a hundred years back.

 

  1. Still judiciary is not separated from the executive and has worked and still working under the behest of civil and military dictators and rulers. The only thing our judicial has produced is red tape culture and doctrine of necessity. Dictators have been legalized and politically motivated verdicts have been given. Fingers are being raised on the legitimacy of the current judicial system of Pakistan in the wake of rigging in recent election of May 2013 and judiciary’s involvement therein.
  2. The hollow leadership has not been able to install proper self-government and they are still running away from it. For the past, almost one decade now (from 2008) Pakistan is without any proper self-government system.
  3. Primary education could not be extended in the past six decades the way it was supposed to and it has made Pakistan one of those countries with highest number of kids of school going age away from primary education.
  4. Minorities cannot even think of joining the higher posts in civil and military institutions.
  5. Military expenditure in Pakistan is sky high and still the country is most vulnerable of any terrorist attack at any bazar, market, public place and high sensitive areas.
  6. Land reforms in Pakistan seem a far cry now and issue from which India got rid just after independence.
  7. Village unions and reforms to resolve the petty criminal cases at local level is still not in place. It is a habit of Pakistan’s current and previous leadership to nominate the SHO of their own choice in the village whose duty is merely to protect the interests of the local MNAs and MPAs.
  8. Protection of indigenous arts and crafts is still a dream and remains of that are also being destroyed. Yes, for the photo session of the hollow leadership they do organize the fake festivals at the ruins of great ancient civilization of Mohenjo-Daro, sing songs, dance, eat and then vanish leaving behind the crying, moribund and hand-to-mouth poor artists. All this stage show is done by the public’s exchequer for the glory of personal who want-to-be leaders of this dilapidated society whose majority lives under huge stress to make both ends meet, living under 2 dollars a day.
  9. The public still faces insolation and mortification on daily basis just to quench the thirst of the ego and power of politicians who come to power just by rigging. This happens sometime by closing the public roads, sometimes we see this happening when people are made to stand in long queues to get rashan. Sometimes this happens when a tribal man is deprived of its basic rights under the name of FCR, even after British left the subcontinent. Sometimes when a deserving candidate cannot get the post because of nepotism.

 

List goes on but it is evident like a sun in the sunny day that our whole leadership in the past and present has been failed miserably to provide to this country, even basic needs for which a common man is crying for the last century. On the roads, it is not traffic but chaos. In the offices the corruption is breaking all time high records. Who was supposed to even teach the public how to behave, who was supposed to provide the citizens a civic sense? This was the job of political leadership but instead of making this country a better place of living, it has been made Gahanna, people are going more and more into privation and society is moribund. We, our leadership, our politicians and bureaucracy has flouted the tenor of those resolutions and charters on which the existence of Pakistan was predicated.

 

All so called elections and reforms we have seen have only made Pakistan desolated and dilapidated.

 

We are for sure living in an era of 1908 insofar as the problems faced by a common man are concerned.

 

 

 

 

There a pandemonium in Pakistan over non-existence (or existence) of Mr. Jinnah’s speech, in the print media. The group who is denying the existence of utterance of such words as to allow minorities the full freedom, choosing English as an official language and which expounded the nationalism, has its ulterior motives and a particular ideology, viz., Quaid e Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah was a chosen person by Devine Authorities and was a votary and he never wanted any political system other than the divine one.

Below is the exact news as it appeared in the Daily Times (England) on 12th August 1947 insofar Mr. Jinnah’s speech of first constituent assembly is concerned. I will put the statements regarding rights of the minorities, political system and official language in bold.  Readers can draw the inference from the below self explanatory piece from History.

THE PAKISTAN ASSEMBLY

MR. JINNAE ELECTED PRESIDENT

CALL FOR TOLERANCE

From Our Special Correspondent

KARACHI, AUG. 11

An interesting precedent in British constitutional history was set this morning when Mr. Jinnah, President of the Muslim League and Governor-General designate of the Dominion of Pakistan, was also elected President of the Pakistan Constituent Assembly. His election is yet another indication of his unchallenged supremacy in Indian Muslim politics, and was referred to by his proposer, Mr. Liaquat Ali Khan, who said that the creation of the State of Pakistan was mainly if not wholly due to him. In his opening speech, Mr. Jinnah, talking quietly and unemotionally like a lawyer arguing a case, declared that the two functions of the Assembly were to frame the Constitution and to act as a temporary federal legislature. “Not only we ourselves,” he said,” but the whole world is wondering how this unprecedented cyclonic revolution which has established two new Dominions in the sub-continent of India has been carried through peacefully and without violence.”

LAW AND ORDER

The first duty of the Government, he added, was to maintain law and order so that life, property, and religious beliefs were fully protected by the State. He then proceeded to inveigh against bribery and corruption, nepotism and jobbery and black marketing. With regard to the division of India he said that there were many people in Pakistan and India who did not agree with it, but he himself was convinced that it was the only solution to India’s constitutional problem. “any other solution would have led us to disaster.” Appealing for tolerance and unity, Mr. Jinnah said that the biggest hindrances to India’s advance had been religious and racial divisions. But for these India would have been free long ago. People living in Pakistan, he said, would have complete religious freedom but they must remember ” first, second, and last that they are citizens of this State with equal rights and equal obligations.” He then referred to the differences which formerly existed in England between Protestants and Roman Catholics, and said that Pakistan must try to achieve the same goal as England, where religious and political spheres are kept separate”. “We must try to keep that as our ideal” .

PAKISTAN FLAG

Mr. Liaquat Ali Khan then proposed the adoption, as the Pakistan flag, of a dark green flag with a white vertical bar at the mast, the green portion bearing a white crescent in the centre and a five-pointed white heraldic star. Representatives of the Hindu minorities asked that more time should be devoted to the choosing of the flag, and that the minorities should be more closely associated with it. They were, however, overruled, and the proposal was carried. To a Hindu member who pointed out that the green portion was the same as the Muslim League flag, Mr. Liaquat Ali Khan retorted that the new Indian flag was substantially the same as the Congress flag, and that the white portion of the Pakistan flag, one fourth of the total area, symbolized Pakistan’s minorities, roughly one-fourth of the total population. The somewhat aggressive behavior of these Hindus suggested that they are going to be by no means docile members of the Assembly. One of them wanted to speak in Hindustani, but was politely told by Mr. Jinnah that the language of the Assembly was English, unless a member could not express himself in English- when the vernacular was permitted. The member then put his question in excellent English. Congratulatory messages were read from the American and Australian Governments. One of the pleasant features of the Pakistan Constituent Assembly is that the chamber, tastefully paneled in Indian woods, is small, the number of members is limited (69), and the proceedings take place in an informal and almost intimate atmosphere. The smallness of the chamber discourages oratory, and the only fiery address delivered so far came from Begum Shah Nawaz, one of the two women members.

11 August 1947

11 August 1947

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